Poster Exhibition | The 12th Annual Postgraduate Research Conference
Raksha Thapa, PhD student in the Faculty of Health & Social Sciences with this poster entitled:
Caste exclusion and health discrimination in South Asia: A systematic review
Click the poster below to enlarge.
The caste system is a three millennia old social stratification system in the world. This review investigates caste- based inequity in health care utilisation in South Asia, particularly focusing those at the bottom of the caste hierarchy, the so-called Dalit communities. A systematic methodology was followed, key databases (including CINAHL, Medline, SocINDEX, PubMed, Nepjol, JSTOR and ASSIA ) were searched using the PRISMA. Out of 15,109 papers nine selected papers were included in the review. The papers focused on studies in India (n=7) and Nepal (n=2) and using methods including qualitative (n=2), quantitative (n=3) and mixed method (n=4) approaches. The review identified four main themes; stigma, poverty, beliefs/cultures and healthcare. Caste-based inequality impacts upon all aspects of individual’s well-being, violence and people’s opportunities to access education, employment and healthcare. Dalits appear to experience this significantly due to their lower caste and socioeconomic position which also increases their vulnerability to health.
You can view the full poster exhibition on the conference webpage.