Writing about impact in a grant application can be challenging, but a strong description of the benefits you hope your project will have can make all the difference between getting funded or not.
This refers to Research Impact. Although some projects will have a theoretical scope with no discernible benefit outside academia, these are unlikely to be eligible for external funding.
You can find our A brief guide to impact on Brightspace which explains what we mean by Impact.
The Funding Landscape
Funders consider the whole call when reviewing applications, so think about what is currently big in policy/research/the media etc. The panel review all applications which have been shortlisted and will assess the potential impact of funding a group of them, not just individual projects.
PPI/participatory/engaged research has never been more important. Studies show that effective and meaningful co-production/involvement of beneficiaries enhances impact at every stage of the study so make sure to thread it throughout where appropriate.
A quick note on UK Research and Innovation (UKRI). Recently the Research Councils dropped their required ‘Pathways to Impact’ attachment. This does not mean that impact is no longer important in applications, but that they want to see it woven throughout.
Requirements will vary by funder, call, theme, endowment etc., so always read the guidance and speak to your Research Facilitator for advice.
Academic excellence is fundamental. Consider additional collaborators if they would provide a different angle, and include knowledge mobilisers or those who are needed for implementation.
Look out for key words in the guidance that highlight impact: engagement, non-academic partnerships/governance, regional/national significance etc. ‘Value for money’ is also common- potential research is a social return on an investment and cost consequences are scrutinised.
For projects working with developing countries you need to aim for impact on the involved population. Try to demonstrate that the generation of impact will be led by those it most affects.
Impact in the Application
For a standard UKRI application you should be aiming to include impact in each section:
Objectives and Aims: integrate your research goals and your impact goals – funders want to see the need for the research.
Plain English Summary: non specialists need to be able to understand the impact so the panel can assess properly the problems you are solving and the proposed beneficiaries.
Case for Support: most of this needs to contain impact including the background to the project and its potential contribution, methods of research and their relevance/suitability, track record of the team, delivery milestones, monitoring and evaluation, success criteria etc.
Justification of Resources: cost impact in, you are encouraged to! Consider public engagement resources, evaluation costs, staff members – UKRI say that they want to see 10-15% of costs going to impact.
Work Packages (WP): either have an Impact WP, or include some impact in all of your WPs
For all funding applications:
Make impact easy to find: use formatting, cross referencing or signposting. This can also help with wordcounts, as flowcharts and diagrams if allowed often don’t count as text.
Think about the project’s longevity: consider what follow-on support you might need to generate/upscale impact, or how you might leverage further investment after the funding. This is difficult but funders like to see project sustainability and an exit plan.
If you have trouble identifying your potential impact, consider:
- Aims – what do you want to change with your research?
- Beneficiaries/stakeholders – who will benefit?
- Activities – how will you reach your goals?
- Evaluating and evidencing – how will you demonstrate change?
A Theory of Change model (diytoolkit.org) can be helpful in plotting these concepts.
Finally, remember that embedding impact at the start will improve both the application and your research, and that you should be aiming for game-changing (but realistic) results.
Stakeholder analysis (ODI)
Research Impact toolkit (ESRC)
Impact tracking and evaluation (Matter of Focus)
Impact planning guide + template (Fast Track Impact)
Planning for impact – NIHR toolkit for researchers – ARC (many links)
PiiAF (Public Involvement Impact Assessment Framework)