Category / BU research

Photo of the week

Our Photo of the Week series has returned and we’re kicking things off with Dr Anya Chapman.

The weekly series features photos taken by our academics and students for our Research Photography Competition, which provides a snapshot of some of the incredible research undertaken across the BU community.

This week’s photo of the week, ‘Pier Watch Day,’ is by Dr Anya Chapman, a senior lecturer in tourism management.

In October 2017 Blackpool’s three piers were awarded ‘Watch Status’ by international conservation organisation The World Monuments Fund. Research conducted by Anya Chapman into pier regeneration and the challenges of climate change faced by seaside piers underpinned Blackpool Council’s bid for the piers’ addition to the Watch List.

Anya was involved in the organisation of the ‘Big Pier Watch Day’ event which took place in June 2018 on Blackpool’s North Pier to raise awareness of the pier’s history and seaside heritage. The photograph was taken at the start of the day before 6000 people visited the pier to participate in guided tours, rides on the Victorian carousel, viewed the exhibition on pier development and design, and tried their luck at the traditional coconut shy.

Blackpool is the only place in the world with three seaside piers and in 2019, as part of the Watch Status, the resort will host ‘Sea Change’ an international conference on seaside heritage and climate change in conjunction with Bournemouth University.​

We are looking forward to hearing Anya present her work at tonight’s Cafe Scientifique at Cafe Boscanova in Boscombe. More information regarding the talk, ‘Pier review: what does the future hold for British seaside piers’ can be found here: https://research.bournemouth.ac.uk/cafe-scientifique/

#TalkBU with Rick Stafford

We will be joined by Professor Rick Stafford at Mays #TalkBU session, who will be discussing tackling environmental breakdown and climate change!

David Attenborough’s recent climate change documentary and Extinction Rebellion’s protests in London have brought home the message of climate change in recent weeks. Add to this biodiversity loss, land use change, deforestation and unsustainable food production, and it is clear we are facing Environmental Breakdown. Government and corporation responses have so far been poor, and are often token gestures such as eliminating plastic straws, which scientific evidence shows to be ‘relatively’ harmless. There is a lack of willingness from the rich and powerful in society to accept what Gretta Thunberg calls ‘System Change’, and Guardian Journalist George Monbiot has recently called for an end to Capitalism.

The key question is, what does a changed system look like?

In this session Rick Stafford will present some key policies for discussion, which will address the underlying and fundamental causes of environmental breakdown as well as provide a fairer and more equitable society. System change can provide benefits to the majority of the population, and certainly isn’t as scary as the alternative of business as usual.

The final session of 2019 is being held in FG04, 12-1pm on the 16th May, with lunch provided! You can register for free tickets here: https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/talkbu-with-rick-stafford-tickets-61146492806

Future frameworks for international collaboration on research and innovation – Call for evidence

Overview

The Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy and the Minister of State for Universities, Science, Research and Innovation have commissioned Professor Sir Adrian Smith to provide independent advice on the design of future UK funding schemes for international collaboration, innovation and curiosity-driven blue-skies research. There is a written call for evidence to inform this advice, and BU is preparing an institutional response to this call.

 

Further information can be found in the call for evidence document, and associated Terms of Reference.

 

How to contribute

If you would like your feedback to be included in the institutional response, please complete the feedback form and send to Lisa Andrews, RDS Research Facilitator by Wednesday 15th May.

Top ten cited paper in MIDWIFERY

Looking at the SCOPUS data for 5 May 2019 on the International Day of the Midwife showed that the theoretical paper ‘Risk, Theory, Social & Medical Models: critical analysis of the concept of risk in maternity care’ [1] is in the top ten mosted quoted articles in Midwifery.  Now in its 35th year, Midwifery is an international  journal published by Elsevier.  Since its inception in 1985 it has published 2,626 papers, and our paper ”Risk, Theory, Social & Medical Models’ has now been cited by 108 papers, making it the eight most cited article.

Professor Edwin van Teijlingen

Centre for Midwifery, Maternal & Perinatal Health (CMMPH)

 

Reference:

  1. MacKenzie Bryers H., van Teijlingen, E. (2010) Risk, Theory, Social & Medical Models: critical analysis of the concept of risk in maternity care, Midwifery 26(5): 488-496.

Blind Quality Estimation by Disentangling Perceptual and Noisy Features in High Dynamic Range Images

We would like to invite you to the next research seminar for the Centre for Games and Music Technology Research.

Title: Blind Quality Estimation by Disentangling Perceptual and Noisy Features in High Dynamic Range Images

Speaker: Dr Giuseppe Valenzise
French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)

Time: 1:00PM-2:00PM

Date: Monday 13 May 2019
(Please note the different of time and day of the week from the other seminars in this series)

Room: F111 (Fusion Building)

Abstract: High Dynamic Range (HDR) image visual quality assessment in the absence of a reference image is challenging. This research topic has not been adequately studied largely due to the high cost of HDR display devices. Nevertheless, HDR imaging technology has attracted increasing attention because it provides more realistic content, consistent to what the Human Visual System perceives. We propose a new No-Reference Image Quality Assessment (NR-IQA) model for HDR data based on convolutional neural networks. The proposed model is able to detect visual artifacts, taking into consideration perceptual masking effects, in a distorted HDR image without any reference. The error and perceptual masking values are measured separately, yet sequentially, and then processed by a Mixing function to predict the perceived quality of the distorted image. Instead of using simple stimuli and psychovisual experiments, perceptual masking effects are computed from a set of annotated HDR images during our training process. Experimental results demonstrate that our proposed NR-IQA model can predict HDR image quality as accurately as state-of-the-art full-reference IQA methods.

Bio: Giuseppe Valenzise completed a master degree and a Ph.D. in Information Technology at the Politecnico di Milano, Italy, in 2007 and 2011, respectively. In 2012, he joined the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) as a permanent researcher, first at the Laboratoire Traitement et Communication de l’Information (LTCI) Telecom Paristech, and from 2016 at the Laboratoire des Signaux et Systmes (L2S), CentraleSupelec Université Paris-Sud. His research interests span different fields of image and video processing, including high dynamic range imaging, video quality assessment, single and multi-view video coding, applications of machine learning to image and video analysis. He is co-author of more than 70 research publications and of several award-winning papers. He is the recipient of the EURASIP Early Career Award 2018. Dr. Valenzise serves as Associate Editor for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, as well as for Elsevier Signal Processing: Image communication. He is a member of the MMSP and IVMSP technical committees of the IEEE Signal Processing Society for the term 2018-2020, as well as a member of the Special Area Team on Visual Information Processing of EURASIP.

 

We hope to see you there!

Charity Research Showcase

The Charity Impact Showcase is an opportunity to find out more about the research being undertaken across Bournemouth University with charities and third sector agencies.

The showcase will take place on Monday the 13th of May and run from 10am until 12 noon in Kimmeridge House, Talbot Campus, room K101.

Academic staff and post-graduate researchers are openly invited to the event to discover the innovative research taking place at BU and to learn about how to develop their own research with the help of charities. Attendees will also have the opportunity to network with other researchers as well as national and international charities to spark the possible future research collaboration.

The event will host a wide array of research tables, each dressed and accompanied by research academics from a variety of faculties, including Media and Communications (FMC), Science and Technology (SciTech), Management (FM) and Health and Social Science (HSS).

Dr Fiona Cownie, from FMC, and Professor Lee-Ann Fenge, of HSS, will be facilitating the event while presenting their own research. Professor Fenge is excited about event’s possibility for research fusion with attending charities.

“Colleagues from across all faculties will be sharing their research and it is an opportunity to informally discuss their projects whilst exploring ways of developing research with some amazing and willing charities.”

Some examples of attending academics include Professor Edwin van Teijlingen (HSS) who will be discussing his research in Nepal highlighting charities he has worked with there. From FMC, Dr Anna Feigenbaum will showcase info-graphics and invite participants to engage with developed board-games which relate to her charity involved research. Also from FMC, Dr Joyce Costello will talk about her work with two charities and showcase her published book ‘Public Service Motivation and Civic Engagement’.

Though not able to attend, Professor Michael Silk has provided a new video and a fresh look into the daily reality for Brazilian sex workers who are affected by major sporting events. This video will be shown throughout the event. Professor Silk’s project, ‘Sexual Spaces’, has collaborated with multiple charities (as listed in the video credits below) and is an excellent example of research partnership leading to real world impact.

Project ‘Sexual Spaces’ – ‘O que você não vê/What you don’t see ‘ video credits

It is also encouraged that you to please invite academic staff and post-graduate researchers to the event. We hope to see you there.

If you have any queries about attending the event, or you would like to showcase your own research, please email Connor Tracy at ctracy@bournemouth.ac.uk

Research Professional – all you need to know

Every BU academic has a Research Professional account which delivers weekly emails detailing funding opportunities in their broad subject area. To really make the most of your Research Professional account, you should tailor it further by establishing additional alerts based on your specific area of expertise. The Funding Development Team Officers can assist you with this, if required.

Research Professional have created several guides to help introduce users to ResearchProfessional. These can be downloaded here.

Quick Start Guide: Explains to users their first steps with the website, from creating an account to searching for content and setting up email alerts, all in the space of a single page.

User Guide: More detailed information covering all the key aspects of using ResearchProfessional.

Administrator Guide: A detailed description of the administrator functionality.

In addition to the above, there are a set of 2-3 minute videos online, designed to take a user through all the key features of ResearchProfessional. To access the videos, please use the following link: http://www.youtube.com/researchprofessional

Research Professional are running a series of online training broadcasts aimed at introducing users to the basics of creating and configuring their accounts on ResearchProfessional. They are holding monthly sessions, covering everything you need to get started with ResearchProfessional. The broadcast sessions will run for no more than 60 minutes, with the opportunity to ask questions via text chat. Each session will cover:

  • Self registration and logging in
  • Building searches
  • Setting personalised alerts
  • Saving and bookmarking items
  • Subscribing to news alerts
  • Configuring your personal profile

Each session will run between 10.00am and 11.00am (UK) on the fourth Tuesday of each month. You can register here for your preferred date:

21st May 2019

25th Jun 2019

23rd July 2019

27th August 2019

These are free and comprehensive training sessions and so this is a good opportunity to get to grips with how Research Professional can work for you.

Have you noticed the pink box on the BU Research Blog homepage?

By clicking on this box, on the left of the Research Blog home page just under the text ‘Funding Opportunities‘, you access a Research Professional real-time search of the calls announced by the Major UK Funders. Use this feature to stay up to date with funding calls. Please note that you will have to be on campus or connecting to your desktop via our VPN to fully access this service.

HEIF-6: funding now available for innovative KE projects

Research England provide Higher Education Innovation Funding (HEIF) to universities to facilitate a broad range of knowledge-based interactions between them and the wider world, which result in economic and social benefit to the UK. The current round of funding is referred to as HEIF-6 and runs from August 2017 to July 2022.

An internal call is now open for applications from BU colleagues who wish to develop innovative projects. Funding will be awarded to those applications that clearly demonstrate how new/existing collaborations will be developed and how societal/economic impact will be achieved. Interdisciplinary and/or cross-Faculty/PS proposals are encouraged, as are proposals with international collaborators.

We anticipate making awards of £25k-100k per project per year. Projects should be between one and three years in duration and must align to one of BU’s HEIF-6 themes:

  • Advanced manufacturing
  • Health (focusing on digital health and e-health)
  • Digital and creative

Colleagues wishing to apply should read BU’s HEIF-6 strategy and the HEIF-6 FAQs before completing the HEIF-6 application form. These documents can be found on the i-drive (I:\RDS\Public\HEIF 6). Applications must be supported by the Project Lead’s Faculty and signed by the relevant Deputy Dean (Research and Professional Practice). Any queries should be sent to Ehren Milner (emilner@bournemouth.ac.uk) in the first instance.

The panel will ensure the consistency, quality, robustness and inclusiveness of the funding allocation process by adhering to BU2025 Research Development Principles

Completed applications should be sent to (HEIF@bournemouth.ac.uk) by midnight on
11th June 2019.

We aim to confirm the outcomes by mid-August.

What Web Science Tells Us About the Unethical Future of Games

We would like to invite you to the next research seminar for the Centre for Games and Music Technology Research.

https://i0.wp.com/www.davidmillard.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/webscience-blog.jpg?resize=750%2C410&ssl=1Title: What Web Science Tells Us About the Unethical Future of Games
Speaker: Dr. David Millard
University of Southampton

Date: Wednesday 1 May 2019

Time: 2:00PM-3:00PM

Room: Create LT (Fusion Building)

Abstract:

Web Science is the study of the web as a social technical system. It enables us to understand how digital technology has led to many of the significant challenges faced by our society today (such as mass surveillance, fake news, and the rise of popularism). I have worked for more than a decade on these questions, and recently have started to ask what Web Science might have to say about my other area of research: interactive narratives, particularly locative and mixed reality storytelling. I have been forced to acknowledge that these technologies are also ripe for subversion, and that we are already seeing the first signs of how problematic they may become. In this presentation I will explain the history of Web Science, look at examples of what it tells us about the uses and abuses of digital technology, and consider some of the challenges that lie ahead for locative and mixed reality systems in the unethical future of games.

 

We hope to see you there!

BU undergraduates showcase their research in South Wales, at the British Conference of Undergraduate Research 2019.

Following the success of SURE 2019 at BU on the 20th March, over 16 undergraduate students across all faculties were offered the support to showcase their research at BCUR 2019.

Presentation topics ranged from implications of Augmented Reality (AR) as location-based technology for a mixing tool in music production, to merits of the Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) programme on diverse backgrounds, to concepts of brand personification and shared values as antecedents of customer engagement in brand research on Jimmy’s Iced Coffee.

George Caton-Coult, an FMC student studying BA (Hons) for scriptwriting and television was one of the funded students attending and presenting at the conference and presented ‘Theorising a relationship between soundtrack and antihero engagement in Peaky Blinders.’ He said; ‘Really great 2 days, really great to come somewhere there are so many ideas and presentations s very good for presentation skills, for your future career, everything. If you are passionate about your work and have a desire to share it anyway, even if you are the kind of person that doesn’t talk a lot, it’s completely worth doing.  SURE in particular really helped me prepare for BCUR, it worked really nicely as a kind of way to build up to this.  The SURE conference was great for that.  I would advise anyone who is passionate about their work and know they’ve done good work to push the boat out and give this a try, it’s been really great’

Daisy Woodall, an Events Management student presented on Internal political efficiency as a motive for mobile millennials to attend people’s vote and The Independent’s March for the Future. She said ‘If not for anything else, it is something you should do even if it just for getting an in depth understanding of what you are researching and practicing your presentation skills, that alone is really good.  And after that, networking, meeting other people and you never know who you are going to meet and what they are going to think about your work and you might get more insights that you wouldn’t have otherwise thought about’

Matthew Dray, a Computing student from the faculty of Science and Technology presented his work on Efficient and scalable landslide monitoring via internet of things and data analytics. ‘It’s a great opportunity to hone professional skills, seeing other people and how they present their research and take that away with you, and learn and adapt from that as well.’

The involvement of BU undergraduate research at the national BCUR event along with a presence at their annual precursor event, Posters in Parliament, has been possible with key support and involvement from CEL and key contributors across all faculties.  It is an opportunity for students to engage with the research process and make real world connections to the impact of their work.  For future opportunities in these initiatives, contact Mary Beth Gouthro mgouthro@bournemouth.ac.uk or Fiona Cownie fcownie@bournemouth.ac.uk.

Introduction to Good Clinical Practice – 15th May 2019

Are you interested in running your own research project within the NHS? Good Clinical Practice, or ‘GCP’, is a requirement for those wishing to work on clinical research projects in a healthcare setting.

GCP is the international ethical, scientific and practical standard to which all clinical research is conducted. By undertaking GCP, you’re able to demonstrate the rights, safety and wellbeing of your research participants are protected, and that the data collected are reliable.

The next GCP full day session is scheduled for Wednesday 15th May, at Bournemouth University, Lansdowne Campus (Bournemouth House) – 8:45am – 4:30pm.

The day will comprise of the following sessions:

  • Introduction to research and the GCP standards;
  • Preparing to deliver your study;
  • Identifying and recruiting participants – eligibility and informed consent;
  • Data collection and ongoing study delivery;
  • Safety reporting;
  • Study closure.

If you’re interested in booking a place, please contact Research Ethics.

Remember that support is on offer at BU if you are thinking of introducing your research ideas into the NHS – email the Research Ethics mailbox, and take a look at the Clinical Governance blog.

‘Climate Change – The Facts’: the BBC and David Attenborough should talk about solutions

Rick Stafford, Bournemouth University and Peter JS Jones, UCL

Guardian journalist George Monbiot wrote a damning critique of the BBC and Sir David Attenborough’s wildlife documentaries in late 2018, arguing that they do little to illustrate the huge environmental issues faced by the natural world.

Since then, Attenborough has adopted a much stronger position. He spoke at both the UN Climate Summit and the World Economic Forum in Davos, and used his platform to highlight the threats of climate change.

Embarking on a new collaboration, Attenborough and the BBC are set to confirm their position in a one-off documentary entitled Climate Change – The Facts, airing on April 18. The 90-minute film will explain the effects that climate change has already had and the disasters it might cause in future.

Although it’s crucial to raise awareness among the public about the impacts and threats of climate change, it’s equally important to explain how to fight it. That’s something the BBC has been more quiet about.

Solutions to climate change

The recent series Blue Planet Live featured a segment on the Great Barrier Reef in which it stated that coral bleaching is the result of climate change. That places the BBC in line with the scientific consensus. The same episode later described the “heroic research” effort that is needed to save the world’s reefs from coral bleaching, and covered the capture and transfer of coral spawn to a new location.

However, science has already given the solutions to address this problem. Recent reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the Institute for Public Policy Research and some of our own research all clearly indicate that tackling climate change and other environmental issues – including biodiversity loss, soil erosion and even ocean plastic pollution – requires major changes to society.

We need to revise our economic system and its dependence on growth to prevent the unnecessary consumption of the world’s resources. As the youth climate strikes leader, the 16-year-old Greta Thunberg, clearly puts it, we need “system change, not climate change”.

In an era when schoolchildren are striking for climate action and radical proposals for climate action are entering the political mainstream, the BBC’s timidity towards even discussing solutions seems odd.

Covering these arguments is political but goes way beyond party politics and certainly wouldn’t breach impartiality guidelines. Audiences might understand that this isn’t as interesting as coral spawning being captured during a lightning storm, as was shown on Blue Planet Live. But if the BBC don’t address the solutions to climate change, then how can there be an educated public which understands that saving the planet requires more than individual gestures like carrying a reusable coffee cup?

There’s no doubt that Attenborough’s BBC documentaries have inspired millions of people around the world to take environmental issues seriously. His programmes have encouraged many of our students to undertake degrees in environmental sciences.

Their insights into the natural world can present a sense of environmental optimism that promotes action. But failing to address the political and economic solutions necessary to stop climate change means the BBC could fail to respect its own values in education and citizenship. With their new documentary, Attenborough and the BBC should challenge our current economic system – only then can they fulfil their duty to inform the public with accuracy and impartiality.

Click here to subscribe to our climate action newsletter. Climate change is inevitable. Our response to it isn’t.The Conversation

Rick Stafford, Professor of Marine Biology and Conservation, Bournemouth University and Peter JS Jones, Reader in Environmental Governance, UCL

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

There’s a massive cyber security job gap – we should fill it by employing hackers

File 20190404 123395 155dk1m.jpg?ixlib=rb 1.1
Gorodenkoff/Shutterstock.com

John McAlaney, Bournemouth University and Helen Thackray, University of Portsmouth

Cyber security incidents are gaining an increasingly high profile. In the past, these incidents may have been perceived primarily as a somewhat distant issue for organisations such as banks to deal with. But recent attacks such as the 2017 Wannacry incident, in which a cyber attack disabled the IT systems of many organisations including the NHS, demonstrates the real-life consequences that cyber attacks can have.

These attacks are becoming increasingly sophisticated, using psychological manipulation as well as technology. Examples of this include phishing emails, some of which can be extremely convincing and credible. Such phishing emails have led to cyber security breaches at even the largest of technology companies, including Facebook and Google.

To face these challenges, society needs cyber security professionals who can protect systems and mitigate damage. Yet the demand for qualified cyber security practitioners has quickly outpaced the supply, with three million unfilled cyber security posts worldwide.

So it might come as a surprise that there is already an active population with a strong passion for cyber security – hackers. This is a term with many negative connotations. It evokes the stereotypical image of a teenage boy sat in a dark room, typing furiously as green text flies past on the computer monitor, often with the assumption that some criminal activity is taking place. The idea of including such individuals in helping build and protect cyber systems may seem counter intuitive.

But – as we have highlighted in our recent research – the reality of hacking communities is more complex and nuanced than the stereotypes would suggest. Even the phrase “hacker” is contentious for many individuals who may be labelled hackers. This is because it has lost the original meaning: of someone who uses technology to solve a problem in an innovative manner.

Researching cyber security.
Bournemouth University, Author provided

Hacking today

There are a growing number of online hacking communities – and regular offline meetings and conventions where hackers meet in person. One of the largest of these events is DEFCON, held every year in Las Vegas and attended by up to 20,000 people. These hacking communities and events are an important source of information for young people who are becoming involved in hacking, and may be the first contact they have with other hackers.

On the surface, the conversations that are held on these forums often relate to sharing information. People seek advice on how to overcome different technical barriers in the hacking process. Assistance is given to those who are having difficulties – provided that they firstly demonstrate a willingness to learn. This reflects one of the characteristics of hacking communities, in that there is a culture of individuals demonstrating passion and the desire to overcome barriers.

But such events are about more than sharing practical skills. As individuals, we are strongly influenced by those around us, often to a greater agree that we are aware of. This is especially the case when we are in a new environment and unsure of the social norms of the group. As such, these online and offline hacking communities also provide an important source of social identity to individuals. They learn what is and what is not acceptable behaviour, including the ethics and legality of hacking.

Technological approaches alone cannot prevent cyber attacks.
Bournemouth University, Author provided

Myths and opportunities

It is important to stress here that hacking is not an inherently illegal activity. There are many opportunities to engage in ethical hacking, which refers to attempting to hack systems for the purpose of finding and fixing the flaws that malicious hackers may try to exploit for criminal activity.

Our research demonstrates that the majority of people active within hacking communities have no wish to exploit the flaws they find although they do believe that such flaws should be exposed so that they can be addressed – especially when the organisation concerned is holding public data and have sufficient resources that it is reasonable to feel they should not have any gaps in their cyber security in the first place. Several large and well-known companies actively engage with this culture, by offering hackers “bug bounties” – financial rewards for identifying and reporting previously undiscovered weaknesses in their systems.

Of course criminal hacking does happen – and many of the people we have spoken to acknowledge that they take part in activities that are of questionable legality in order to achieve their goal of finding the flaws in a system. This creates a risk for those people, especially young adults, who are becoming involved in hacking. Through ignorance or through being wilfully misled, they may become involved in activities that result in them gaining a criminal record.

If so, this impacts not only them as an individual but also the cyber security profession. As a result of this culture, many companies are being deprived of individuals who could have helped fill the increasingly urgent gap in cyber security professionals. To address both of these problems, we need to move past unhelpful and negative stereotypes and work with young people and hacking communities to provide an awareness of how their passion and skills can be used to address the cyber security challenges that society faces.The Conversation

John McAlaney, Associate Professor in Psychology, Bournemouth University and Helen Thackray, Senior Research Associate, University of Portsmouth

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.