Congratulations to Dr. Pramod Regmi (Lecturer in International Health) in the Department of Nursing Sciences on today’s publication of ‘The unmet needs for modern family planning methods among postpartum women in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review of the literature’ . The paper in the international peer-reviewed journal Reproductive Health is co-produced with BU MSc Public Health graduate Jumaine Gahungu and Dr. Mariam Vahdaninia who left the Faculty of Health & Social Sciences in mid-2020.
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
- Gahungu, J., Vahdaninia, M. & Regmi, P. (2021) The unmet needs for modern family planning methods among postpartum women in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review of the literature. Reprod Health 18, 35 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-021-01089-9
Funding from the Global Challenges Research Fund has enabled Bournemouth University academics to undertake cutting-edge research in partnership with organisations in developing countries. These projects help to build collaborations with researchers, policy-makers and practitioners in developing countries, ensuring that the outcomes of the research have tangible outcomes for people in those countries. In February, we are sharing stories about BU’s GCRF research.
In Africa, Professor Lee Miles is leading the AFRICAB project (Driving African Capacity-Building in Disaster Management). This project addresses a locally identified need – that national/local policy-makers/community leaders cannot access usable data/methodologies that can help them identify resolvable weaknesses in disaster response and inform local choices in Sierra Leone, Senegal and Cameroon where combined hazards of frequent fires (dry season), annual flooding (rainy season) and health risks, like COVID-19, affect detrimentally over 3 million people and threaten urban resilience.
Partnerships involve BU’s Disaster Management Centre (BUDMC) and disaster management agencies (Office of National Security/district offices in Bo, Makeni and Kenema and Freetown City Council (Sierra Leone), Centre for Health Emergency Operations (Senegal) and Department for Civil Protection (Cameroon)). At every stage, the partners are fully involved in data collection, co-created reports and publications and workshop delivery, ensuring shared ownership of deliverables.
Benefits to the countries include single-point-of-failure (SPOF) concepts/data informed change in disaster governance, including shaping new Disaster Management laws, agencies and structures in 2020 and first-ever innovative policy initiatives in Sierra Leone through co-created SPOF evidencing of local policymakers.
AFRICAB specific evidenced impacts include:
- Stepped changes in urban fire and flood management capacity in a COVID-19 environment at national/local levels through application of scarce-evidence bases utilising SPOFs concepts/diagnostics; Procedural changes to COVID-19 response procedures in National Health Emergency Operations Rooms covering all of Senegal health districts in 2020.
- Better governance structures. AFRICAB findings used by the Department of Disaster Management (DDM) to shape legislative change influencing Sierra Leone’s Disaster Management legislation (ratified February 2020). Shaped institutional change creating new national disaster management agency (July 2020) as well as the first 5-year plan of agency (August 2020).
- Educational enhancement of vulnerable local fire and flood communities/stakeholders. Sierra Leone’s first ever Minimum Training Competence Requirement in Disaster Management adopted by Freetown City Council for 600 disaster managers, community leaders/local chiefs covering over 1.2 million people in fire, flood and COVID-19 prone areas; supported through 3 locally co-produced SPOF informed workshops and a Facilitator Guide in Disaster Management distributed to all of Freetown’s 300 plus districts, wards and informal settlements directed at handling flooding in a COVID-19 environment during rainy seasons.
Lee and the team are now undertaking further work in Senegal to embed sustainable AFRICAB-informed risk management standard operating procedures for dumpsites in Freetown (2021) to address the issue of uncontrolled fires, thus helping to control risks and save lives and livelihoods.
Dorset Global Health Network invites you to its next meeting focusing on Africa on Wednesday 7 November 2018 in Bournemouth University’s Executive Business Centre. The meeting organised by Primary Care Workforce Centre starts with a dinner at 6.30 PM with the event running between 19.00 and 21.00. You can register here!
UK Research and Innovation are opening an online discussion platform and they want to collect thoughts and ideas to help shape research in the area of digital innovation for development across Africa.
The Digital Innovation for Development in Africa Online Platform will allow you to share your thoughts on the issues and challenges faced by people living within Africa to determine where digital solutions could lead to the biggest impacts. From undemocratic elections to infectious diseases; to lack of access to education to global warming, they want to realise the challenges faced by communities across Africa and consider the potential value digital research and innovation could bring.
The platform will also create an online community which will engage and connect local actors, researchers, entrepreneurs, charities, etc., and allow users to exchange ideas and expertise. The ideas gathered from the Digital for Development in Africa Platform will be collated and used to shape future UKRI spending activities under the Global Challenge Research Fund. Thoughts collected on the challenges and potential for digital innovation to solve these will provide recommendations for research and innovation in these areas in order to make progress in addressing these challenges.
To express your interest in joining this platform, please complete the following SmartSurvey. Expressions of interest to join the online platform will close at 16:00 BST 19th October 2018. After this, users will be selected and notified from the expressions of interest. Please note, there is a limited number of users permitted to use the online platform, therefore, by completing the survey, you will not be guaranteed an invitation to use the platform. For further enquiries, please contact GCRF@rcuk.ac.uk
Congratulations to Faloshade Alloh (PhD student in Faculty of Health and Social Science), Dr. Pramod Regmi (Lecturer in International Health), Abe (Igoche) Onche (BU graduate MSc in Public Health) and Dr. Stephen Trenoweth (Principal Academic and Leaded for BU iWell Research Centre) on the timely publication of their paper on mental health in developing countries .
Despite being globally recognised as an important public health issue, mental health is still less prioritised as a disease burden in many Low-and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). More than 70% of the global mental health burden occurs in poorer countries. The paper addresses mental health issues in LMICs under themes such as abuse and mental illness, cultural influence on mental health, need for dignity in care, meeting financial and workforce gaps and the need for national health policy for the mental health sector. This exciting paper has 51 references including several linking to BU publications on research in Africa [2-3] and several papers related to South Asia [4-6], particularly highlighting the recently completed THET project that was led by BU [4-5].
The authors highlight that although mental health education and health care services in most LMICs are poorly resourced; there is an urgent need to address issues beyond funding that contribute to poor mental health. In order to meet the increasing challenge of mental health illness in LMICs, there is a need for effort to address cultural and professional challenges that contribute to poor mental health among individuals. The authors suggest that mental health should be integrated into primary health care in LMICs. Creating awareness on the impact of some cultural attitudes/practices will encourage better uptake of mental health services and increase the ease when discussing mental health issues in these countries which can contribute to reducing the poor mental health in LMICs.
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
Centre for Midwifery, Maternal and Perinatal Health (CMMPH)
Click here to view the full publication.
- Alloh, F.T., Regmi, P., Onche, I., van Teijlingen E., Trenoweth, S. (2018) Mental health in low- and middle income countries (LMICs): Going beyond the need for funding, Health Prospect 17 (1): 12-17.
- Alloh F, Regmi P, Hemingway A, Turner-Wilson A. (2018) Increasing suicide rates in Nigeria. African Health Journal [In Press].
- Alloh FT, Regmi PR. (2017) Effect of economic and security challenges on the Nigerian health sector. African Health Sciences. 17 (2):591-2.
- Acharya DR, Bell JS, Simkhada P, van Teijlingen ER, Regmi PR. (2010) Women’s autonomy in household decision-making: a demographic study in Nepal. Reproductive Health. 7 (1):15.
- Simkhada B, Sharma G, Pradhan S, Van Teijlingen E, Ireland J, Simkhada P, et al. (2016) Needs assessment of mental health training for Auxiliary Nurse Midwives: a cross-sectional survey. Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences. 2:20-6.
- Mahato, P., van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P., Angell, C., Ireland, J. on behalf of THET team (2018) Qualitative evaluation of mental health training of Auxiliary Nurse Midwives in rural Nepal. Nurse Education Today 66: 44-50. https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1Wu2axHa5G~S-
- Regmi PR, Alloh F, Pant PR, Simkhada P, van Teijlingen E. (2017) Mental health in BME groups with diabetes: an overlooked issue? The Lancet. 389 (10072):904-5.
Congratulations to FHSS Prof. Vanora Hundley and her co-authors from across the globe who published ‘Progression of the first stage of spontaneous labour: A prospective cohort study in two sub-Saharan African countries’ in the journal PLOS Medicine .
The authors highlight that since the early 2000s researchers using new statistical methods to have informed changes in recommended labour practices in some settings, they have also generated a lot of controversy. As a result of persistent questions as to whether racial characteristics influence labour progression patterns, recent studies have been conducted among different populations, but not yet in any African population. The authors conclude that
- As labour may not naturally accelerate in some women until a cervical dilatation of 5 cm is reached, labour practices to address perceived slow labour progression should not be routinely applied by clinicians until this threshold is achieved, provided the vital signs and other observations of the mother and baby are normal.
- In the absence of any problems other than a slower than expected cervical dilatation rate (i.e., 1 cm/hour) during labour, it is in the interest of the woman that expectant, supportive, and woman-centred labour care is continued.
Congratulations to all authors!
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
Oladapo OT, Souza JP, Fawole B, Mugerwa K, Perdoná G, Alves D, Souza, H, Reis, R, Oliveira-Ciabati, L., Maiorano, A, Akintan, Alu, F.E, Oyeneyin, L, Adebayo, A, Byamugisha, J, Nakalembe, M, Idris, H.A, Okike, O, Althabe, F., Hundley, V, Donnay, F. et al. (2018) PLoS Med 15(1): e1002492. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002492
Our BU briefing papers are designed to make our research outputs accessible and easily digestible so that our research findings can quickly be applied – whether to society, culture, public policy, services, the environment or to improve quality of life. They have been created to highlight research findings and their potential impact within their field.
Climate shifts at decadal scales can have environmental consequences, and therefore, identifying areas that act as environmental refugia is valuable in understanding future climate variability.
The Okavango Delta is the largest wetland in southern Africa and renowned for its high floral and faunal biodiversity. Due to the Okavango’s distinctive hydrological properties, this paper aims to show how these properties reduce the amplitude of seasonal and decadal variations in vegetation vigour inside the Delta extent, and consequently, enhance its capacity to buffer climate, on at least decadal timescales.
This paper uses satellite remote imagery to show how a rift basin, given suitable hydrogeology, can provide a buffer against the influence of climate on vegetation growth and thus provide a relatively stable living environment for animals amidst an otherwise arid, desert habitat.
Click here to read the briefing paper.
To find out how your research output could be turned into a BU Briefing, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Congratulations to Faculty of Health & Social Sciences (FHSS) PhD student Folashade Alloh and Dr. Pramod Regmi, newly appointed lecturer in International Health. They just published ‘Effect of economic and security challenges on the Nigerian health sector’ in the journal African Health Sciences. The paper is Open Access and can be found here!
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
Today the African Health Sciences informed us that the paper we submitted last year based on Marilyn Ochillo’s excellent MSc dissertation has been accepted for publication.  The paper “Influence of faith-based organisations on HIV prevention strategies in Africa: a systematic review” will appear online soon. Marilyn’s MSc work was supervised by Dr. Martin Hind and Professor Edwin van Teijlingen.
African Health Sciences is an open access, free online, internationally refereed journal publishing original articles on research, clinical practice, public health, policy, planning, implementation and evaluation, in the health and related sciences relevant to Africa and the tropics.
- Ochillo, M., van Teijlingen, E., Hind, M. (2017) Influence of faith-based organisations on HIV prevention strategies in Africa: a systematic review. African Health Sciences (accepted June 2017).
Prof. Padam Simkhada (Visiting Faculty at FHSS) brought together a group of like-minded health researchers from South Asia and Africa at Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU). The overseas’ researchers came from India (Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences), Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Nepal (Green Tara Trust) and Nigeria (Bayero University, Kano). They were joined by UK researchers based at the University of Oxford, the University of the West of England, LJMU and Bournemouth University, who are engaged in the field of health and development research.
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
The Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency is promoting the Intra-Africa Academic Mobility Scheme 2016, which closes on 15 June 2016.
If you have links with universities in Africa, one of whom would be required to act as the main applicant and co-ordinator, then this call may be of interest to you. Each application should include four to six African partners (including the lead) and a technical partner from the EU.
From the call documentation:
The overall objective of the programme is to promote sustainable development and ultimately contribute to poverty reduction by increasing the availability of trained and highly qualified professional manpower in Africa.
The programme’s specific objective is to improve the skills and competences of students and staff through enhanced intra-African mobility. Strengthening cooperation between Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Africa will increase access to quality education and will encourage and enable African students to undertake postgraduate studies in the African continent. Furthermore, mobility of staff (academic and administrative) will enhance the international cooperation capacity of HEIs in Africa.
More specifically the programme aims to:
(a) contribute to the improvement of the quality of higher education through the promotion of internationalisation and harmonisation of programmes and curricula within participating institutions;
(b) enable students, academics and staff to benefit linguistically, culturally and professionally from the experience gained in the context of mobility to another African country.
Each grant will amount to between EUR 1,000,000 (minimum grant size) and EUR 1,500,000 (maximum grant size)
The submission deadline for the Intra-Africa Academic Mobility Scheme is 15 June 2016 at 12.00 (noon), Central European Time.
N.B. If you are considering being a partner with an African HEI for this call, you will still need to contact RKEO to ensure that internal approvals are completed. Please contact Emily Cieciura, RKEO’s Research Facilitator: EU & International or your Faculty’s Funding Development Officer well before the closing date.
Last night I received an email from an academic based in South Africa who asked me if I could facilitate a two-day writing workshop in an other sub-Saharan African country later this month. He had found a copy of our paper ‘Writing an academic paper for publication’ on the web. This is, of course, a good advert for Open Access Publishing. I had the pleasure of being able to tell my African colleague that most of our published papers on various aspects of academic writing are Open Access.[1-10] Hence most are freely available to scholars like him in low-income countries.
Unfortunately, this particular request was for a workshop later this month, which is far too short notice. Especially since my co-author and BU Visiting Faculty Prof. Padam Simkhada (Liverpool John Moores University) and I will be running a one-day writing workshop in Liverpool the day before the proposed dates of the African workshop.
Professor Edwin van Teijlingen
- van Teijlingen, E., Hundley, V. (2002) Getting your paper to the right journal: a case study of an academic paper, Journal of Advanced Nursing 37(6): 506-511.
- van Teijlingen, E. (2004), Why I can’t get any academic writing done, Medical Sociology News 30 (3): 62-63. http://www.britsoc.co.uk/media/26334/MSN_Nov_2004.pdf
- Simkhada, P., van Teijlingen E., Hundley, V., Simkhada, B.D. (2013) Writing an Abstract for a Scientific Conference, Kathmandu University Medical Journal 11(3): 262-265. http://www.kumj.com.np/issue/43/262-265.pdf
- Pitchforth, E., Porter, M., van Teijlingen, E.R., Forrest Keenan, K. (2005) Writing up and presenting qualitative research in family planning and reproductive health care, Journal of Family Planning & Reproductive Health Care 31 (2): 132-135. http://jfprhc.bmj.com/content/31/2/132.full.pdf+html
- van Teijlingen, E., P.P., Simkhada, B., Ireland, J. (2012) The long & winding road to publication, Nepal Journal Epidemiology 2(4): 213-215 http://nepjol.info/index.php/NJE/article/view/7093/6388
- Simkhada, P., van Teijlingen, E., Hundley, V. (2013) Writing an academic paper for publication, Health Renaissance 11(1): 1-5. healthrenaissance.org.np/uploads/Pp_1_5_Guest_Editorial.pdf
- Hundley, V., van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P. (2013) Academic authorship: who, why and in what order? Health Renaissance 11(2): 98-101. http://www.nepjol.info/index.php/HREN/article/view/8214/6679
- van Teijlingen, E., Hundley, V., Bick, D. (2014) Who should be an author on your academic paper? Midwifery 30: 385-386. healthrenaissance.org.np/uploads/Download/vol-11-2/Page_99_101_Editorial.pdf
- van Teijlingen, E., Ireland, J., Hundley, V., Simkhada, P., Sathian, B. (2014) Finding the right title for your article: Advice for academic authors, Nepal Journal of Epidemiology 4(1): 344-347. http://www.nepjol.info/index.php/NJE/article/view/10138/8265
- Hall, J., Hundley, V., van Teijlingen, E. (2015) The journal editor: friend or foe? Women & Birth 28(2): e26-e29.
A £15.3 million (US$24 million) fund to build links between African research laboratories and strengthen their research capacity through mentoring has been launched by the Royal Society (the UK’s science academy) and the UK Department for International Development (DFID). The aim is to provide equipment and training for African scientists, and to establish researcher exchange programmes between the United Kingdom and Sub-Saharan Africa. Start-up grants of up to US$39,000 will assist the formation of research consortia, and larger grants of almost US$2 million will then support specific research programmes over a five-year period. To qualify for the larger grants, projects must involve a consortium of one UK laboratory and three African laboratories. Calls for proposals will be launched in November, but keep an eye on the DFID website for more announcements.