Nepal birthing centre
On Friday the third cohort of UK volunteers will leave Heathrow as our education project ‘Mental Health Training for Community-based Maternity Providers in Nepal’ . Mental health issues are a seriously underfunded and understudied area in Nepal, and not just in the field of maternity care.  Our project is a collaboration between the Centre for Midwifery, Maternal & Perinatal Health (CMMPH), Tribhuvan University (Nepal’s oldest university) and Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU). The project receives funding from DFID, and is managed through THET and supported locally in Nepal by a charity Green Tara Nepal.
One of the three latest volunteers, BU Visiting Faculty and Poole Hospital NHS Foundation Trust midwife Jillian Ireland wrote about her forthcoming trainig visit (click here for Jillian’s blog). The other volunteers on this visit are midwife Andrea Lawrie from The Robert Gordon University/Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Aberdeen) and Dave Havelock, a mental health nurse specialising in high intensity therapy (IAP) from North Yorkshire.
Previous Bournemouth University Research Blogs (see here! and here! ) and blogs by one the earlier UK volunteers retired health visitor Ish Fawcett (click here!) have outlined details of our project. Bournemouth University has a great history of developing and delivering innovative education projects with the support of its Centre for Excellence in Learning (CEL).
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
- van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P., Devkota, B., Fanning, P., Ireland, J., Simkhada, B., Sherchan, L., Silwal, R.C., Pradhan, S., Maharjan, S.K., Maharjan, R.K. (2015) Mental health issues in pregnant women in Nepal. Nepal Journal of Epidemiology 5(3): 499-501.
- Simkhada, P., Winter, R.C., Fanning, C., Dhungel, A., Marahatta S.B. (2015) Why are so many Nepali women killing themselves? A review of key issues Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences 4(1): 43-49.
In two days time the first ever National Conference on Adolescent Health and Development in Nepal starts in Kathmandu. BU has a joint poster at this conference on the topic of Community-Based Menstrual Hygiene Promotion in Rural Nepal. The poster reports on a project led by Ram Chandra Silwal.
The project is an international collaboration between Green Tara Nepal, BU Visiting Fellow Prof. Padam Simkhada (representing Liverpool John Moores University), the University of Tokyo and the Centre for Midwifery, Maternal and Perinatal Health (CMMPH) in BU’s Faculty of Health & Social Sciences.
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
- Silwal, R.C., Pradhan, S., Sharma, A., Simkhada, P., van Teijlingen,E., Jimba, M. (2016) ‘Community-Based Menstrual Hygiene Promotion in Rural Nepal’ poster at First National Adolescent Health & Development Conference held in Kathmandu, Nepal, 2-3 May 2016.
Better later than never. Finally, I found some time to write about our incredible time in Moscow.
Supported by Santander FIF fund, Dr Parisa Gilani and Dr Elvira Bolat (me) travelled to beautiful sunny Moscow (10 March -13 March) to run the “Digital momentum for SMEs” workshop. The workshop took place in Faculty of Management, Financial University (Moscow, Russia) and was well attended by students across different levels. In total 30 students were selected to engage with two master-classes, which aimed to promote academic strengths of Bournemouth University in the fields of digital marketing, leadership and SMEs management and marketing.
Two interactive master-classes covered the following topics:
- “Digital marketing for SMEs” (delivered in Russian by Dr Elvira Bolat)
2. “Leadership in the context of SMEs” (delivered in English by Dr Parisa Gilani).
Following workshops, both BU academics have met Faculty of Management (Financial University) Executive Team to discuss joint research projects, prioritising EU research funding, joint publications and public engagement opportunities.
Financial University is first formal partner of BU in the Russian Federation. Moreover Financial University is part of Santander Universities network. FBU workshop was a fantastic opportunity to strengthen BU and Financial University partnership resulting in increased visibility of BU in Russia, promotion of BU portfolio of undergraduate and postgraduate courses among our Russian partner’s students and, most importantly, increasing awareness of BU’s academic and professional expertise in the fields of digital marketing and leadership.
We are definitely looking forward to working further with Financial University and expecting their academic staff and group of students to visit BU in September/October 2016.
Second part of the visit involved meeting with well-established Professor of Law Marina Telukina whose academic expertise covers bankruptcy and commercial law. At the moment Professor Telukina is working across various Higher Education Institutions in the Russian Federation but is a full-time member of staff in the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA).
Professor Telukina is willing to strengthen her academic ties with BU (sharing her knowledge and practice of Russian Law) and work on collaborative projects between Faculty of Management (BU) and Graduate School of Management and Innovation in Lomonosov Moscow State University – something our team is really excited about. Professor Telukina has now planned visit to the UK in August 2016 and we are planning to meet in Bournemouth in order to discuss details of joint research projects.
That is all from me. Hope, you are now more open to expanding your academic networks. Santander Fusion Investment Fund is best option to support you in this. Full list of global Santander Universities partners can be found here: http://www.santander.com/csgs/Satellite?appID=santander.wc.CFWCSancomQP01&c=GSInformacion&canal=CSCORP&cid=1278679137354&empr=CFWCSancomQP01&leng=en_GB&pagename=CFWCSancomQP01%2FGSInformacion%2FCFQP01_GSInformacionDetalleSimple_PT08
This week saw the publication of a new paper co-written by BU staff in the Sociological Bulletin. This is the first paper comparing Indian and Nepali Maoist rebels providing health services and health promotion to the communities under their influence. It presents the key provisions either made by rebel health workers themselves or by putting political pressure on government health workers to deliver better services in the areas controlled by rebels. Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen’s co-authors are based in India and Nepal. Prof. Gaurang R. Sahay is based at the Centre for Study of Developing Societies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India, whilst Bhimsen Devkota is Professor in Health Education, Tribhuvan University, Nepal.
This sociological paper is based on a mixed-method approach comprising 15 interviews and a questionnaire survey with 197 Nepalese Maoist health workers and a secondary analysis of policy documents and other published materials on the Maoist health services of India. The paper suggests that rebel health services in India and Nepal followed a fairly similar approach to what and how they offered health care services to local populations. Maoists becoming a government party changed the political landscape for the rebel health workers in Nepal. However, not incorporating the Maoist rebel health workers into the government health system was a missed opportunity. There are lessons that India and Nepal can learn from each other. Should the Maoist rebels and the Government of India come to an agreement, potential for rebel health workers to be integrated in the official health care system should at least be considered.
The paper benefitted from an earlier review through eBU: Online Journal. The feedback from the eBU: Online Journal’s reviewers helped shape and polish the paper before submission to the Sociological Bulletin.
Edwin van Teijlingen
- Sahay, G., Devkota, B., van Teijlingen, E.R. (2016) Rebel Health Services in South Asia: Comparing Maoist-led Conflicts in India & Nepal, Sociological Bulletin 65(1):19-39.
Sascha Dov Bachmann, Associate Professor in International Law, FMC, has been made Extraordinary Visiting Professor (AP) in War Studies at the Swedish Defence University (FHS). This appointment recognizes his contribution to the work of the Department of Military Studies at FHS on the subject of Hybrid War and Hybrid Threats. He continues to collaborate with colleagues from Sweden, Germany and NATO on the subject.
The wait is finally over. You can now start your application for the 2016 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships. This call will close on 14 September 2016, 17:00 (Brussels time).
According to the Participant Portal:
The goal of Individual Fellowships is to enhance the creative and innovative potential of experienced researchers, wishing to diversify their individual competence in terms of skill acquisition through advanced training, international and intersectoral mobility.
Individual Fellowships provide opportunities to acquire and transfer new knowledge and to work on research and innovation in a European context (EU Member States and Associated Countries) or outside Europe. The scheme particularly supports the return and reintegration of researchers from outside Europe who have previously worked here. It also develops or helps to restart the careers of individual researchers that show great potential, considering their experience.
In RKEO, we have a schedule for the 2016 submissions. Once we know that that you are interested in submitting, we will keep you up to date with our activities. Just contact your relevant Faculty Funding Development Officer to let them know that you plan to submit to this call. If you missed the introductory sessions that were held in December, BU staff can access the slides – MSCA 2016 v2. You may also wish to refer to the RKEO Guide to Fellowships.
To book onto the internal two-day workshop, hosted by Dr Martin Pickard, on 24th and 25th May, please contact Dianne Goodman, Funding Development Team Co-ordinator in RKEO, as soon as possible. Places are limited. You should attend with your potential fellow, if possible. N.B. their travel to BU cannot be funded by RKEO. This workshop is, however, free for BU staff and potential fellows.
There is a European IPR Webinar – IP Management in H2020 with a special focus on Marie Sklodowska Curie Actions – on 4th May 2016 at 09:30 in P402 for c. 75 minutes to include the webinar, Q&A with the presenter and time at the end for informal discussion with your peers. Again, please contact Dianne Goodman, to reserve your place for this event. If you go to the external event page, do not register on this page as RKEO are already registered.
Contact Emily Cieciura, Research Facilitator: EU & International or the relevant Faculty Funding Development Officer for further help and support or if you have any queries or comments.
Maternal Mortality in Nepal
Abstract: The session links various social and political factors that affect maternal mortality. Women dying in pregnancy and childbirth is very much a problem of and in low-income countries. This talk focuses on Nepal, one of the poorer countries of the world, to highlight a range of maternal health issues and wider influencing factors including globalisation and the influence of global organisations such as the World Health Organisation.
For further information regarding the Social Science seminar series, get in touch with Dr Mastoureh Fathi (firstname.lastname@example.org).
On Thursday 14th April Dr. Bibha Simkhada (Liverpool John Moores University & BU Visiting Faculty) and Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen presented their education research in Liverpool. The work is part of a THET-funded project at the 14th Britain-Nepal Academic Council (BNAC) Nepal Study Days. The presentation ‘Mental Health Training and Education in Nepal‘ is part of an international project led by Bournemouth University. BU collaborates with Tribhuvan University (Nepal’s largest & oldest university) and Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU). The project receives funding from DFID, and is managed through THET and supported locally in Nepal by a non-governmental organisation called Green Tara Nepal. The project takes UK volunteers, people with experience in midwifery, mental health, higher education, nursing, health visiting, etc. to the southern part of Nepal.
Mental health is a difficult topic to discuss in Nepal (as it often is in the UK). This makes it hard for front-line health workers, especially non-mental health specialists, to start a discussion about mental health issues with patients.
As part of this THET-funded programme to train community health worker such as Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) on mental health issues related to pregnancy, we conducted a review of all relevant health curricula in Nepal. The key findings are that mental health issues in pregnancy and childbirth are often lacking in the curricula for both nurses and ANMs as a result community-based staff lack training in this topic. There is a great need for a curriculum to facilitate relevant training for ANMs.
We would like to repeat our call for volunteers. If you are a health or education professional with an interest in mental health and/or maternity care and you are interested in volunteering later this year for a week to ten days in Nepal please contact Edwin van Teijlingen (email@example.com ).
FHSS PhD student Jib Acharya presented a poster from his thesis research at last week’s BNAC (Britain-Nepal Academic Council) Study Days in Liverpool. Jib’s PhD research focused on the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of poor women about nutritious food and the study also identify major food barriers. He used a mixed-methods approached comprising a survey and qualitative research. The poster at BNAC focused on findings related to mothers’ knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about nutritious food. Jib’s research is supervised by Dr. Jane Murphy, Dr. Martin Hind and Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen. Some of the preliminary findings of this FHSS thesis have recently been published in two academic journals. [2-3]
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
- Acharya, J, van Teijlingen, E, Murphy, J, Hind, M. ‘A Comparative Study on Nutritional Problems in Preschool Aged Children of Kaski district of Nepal’ poster at Britain-Nepal Academic Council (BNAC) 14th Annual Nepal Study Days (Liverpool April 2016)
- Acharya, J., van Teijlingen, E., Murphy, J., Hind, M. (2015) Assessment of knowledge, beliefs and attitudes towards healthy diet among mothers in Kaski, Nepal, Participation 17(16): 61-72.
- Acharya, J., van Teijlingen, E., Murphy, J., Hind, M. (2015) Study of nutritional problems in preschool aged children in Kaski District in Nepal, Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Healthcare 1(2): 97-118. http://dspace.chitkara.edu.in/jspui/bitstream/1/560/1/12007_JMRH_Acharya.
Panel discussion, launch of the WICGE network on 8 Mar 2016 (Sydney, Australia). From left to right: Professor Robin Davidson-Arnott (University of Guelph, Canada), Dr Luciana S. Esteves (Bournemouth University, UK), Dr Shari Gallop (Macquarie University, Australia) and Professor Julie Cairney (School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, University of Sydney).
I am very proud of being one of the founding members of the Women in Coastal Geoscience and Engineering (WICGE) network, officially launched on 8 March 2016 during the 14th International Coastal Symposium in Sydney, Australia. The idea to create WICGE was led by Dr Shari Gallop (Macquarie University, Australia) and Dr Ana Vila-Concejo (University of Sydney), who was also the first women to chair the International Coastal Symposium (the largest conference focused on coastal science). To join WICGE or just to find out more, please click here.
The event was attended by about 70 conference attendees (male and female as you can see in the photo) and it created an opportunity for the keynote (Prof Julie Cairney), the members of the discussion panel (named in the photo caption) and attendees to shared their experiences. It was interesting to learn that members of the panel, including myself, expressed that they were not aware of gender inequalities and/or discrimination in their work environment at first. The reasons for this late realisation were varied, including a common feeling of ‘I thought I was the problem‘ or the simple acceptance that certain attitude towards woman was just ‘as always is‘. As Shari Gallop indicates in this blog about the WICGE launch, another contributing factor may be the fact that, in the academic environment, the imbalance greatly increases towards the more senior positions and is not as evident at early career stages.
Another common theme in the discussion was that we (men and women) are guilty of unconscious bias, a prejudice deep-rooted in long-established social behaviours, which are now increasingly questioned, but changing incredibly slowly. Most people (and therefore our society) are stubbornly averse to change. Where and when change is required, it does not come easy; it takes huge effort and time to get the message across. Even when we understand the need for change, it may take a while until we are able to embed in our lives new ways of doing (or being). It becomes evident then the importance played by continuing and widening the open debate about diversity, equality and fairness to raise awareness and educating us all, especially about the little things we can do to make the big changes we need. And this is why we need WAN, WICGE , the Aurora Programme, Athena Swan and the growing number of initiatives aiming to promote equal opportunities and a fairer working environment for all of us.
Luciana S. Esteves, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Life & Environmental Sciences
At the 14th BNAC (Britain-Nepal Academic Council) Nepal Study Days starting tomorrow (14th April 2016) FHSS’s PhD student Jib Acharya will presenting his poster on ‘A Comparative Study on Nutritional Problems in Preschool Aged Children of Kaski district of Nepal’. Jib’s PhD project is supervised by FHSS’s Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen, Dr. Jane Murphy and Dr. Martin Hind. Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen is also joint supervisor of Sarita Pandey (based at the University of Sheffield) whose poster ‘Factors that promote and hinder provision of maternal health services by Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHV) in rural Nepal’ will also be on display.
BU Visiting Faculty Dr. Bibha Simkhada (based at Liverpool John Moores University) will be presenting on the on-going THET-funded project ‘Mental Health Training and Education in Nepal’. This paper is part of the education stream of the conference,and its acceptance is a reflection of BU’s reputation in Educational Research. This paper has co-authors based in the UK and Nepal: Bibha Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen, Jillian Ireland, Padam Simkhada, Bhimsen Devkota, Lokendra Sherchan, Ram Chandra Silwal, Shyam K. Maharjan, Ram K. Maharjan, Geeta Sharma, and Samridhi Pradhan. Both Prof. Padam Simkhada and Ms. Jillian Ireland are BU Visiting Faculty.
The first Study Day tomorrow starts with an invited Skills-building session on Focus Group Research by Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen. The final day includes a paper on ‘Impacts of Migration in Nepal’ by Prof. Padam Simkhada and Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen.
We are hoping to get the 15th BNAC Study Days to Bournemouth University for this time next year!
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
Professor Edwin van Teijlingen will be running a Skills Building Workshop at the 14th national Nepal Study Days of the Britain-Nepal Academic Council (BNAC) in Liverpool. FHSS Professor van Teijlingen is a long-standing member of BNAC. Registration for this year’s Nepal Study Days is open now, if you are interested click here! Edwin van Teijlingen has conducted many qualitative studies and supervised many postgraduate students doing focus group research. He has published widely on qualitative methods, including research papers on Focus Group Research.1-3
Anybody interested in learning more about Focus Group Discussions as a research method should consider signing up for up for Bournemouth University’s two-day Masterclass ‘Focus Group Research‘ to be held next week Monday 18th and Tuesday 19th April in Bournemouth. Over a two-day period this Masterclass will cover the journey for a research project on focus group research. Basic previous knowledge on qualitative research will be assumed.
- van Teijlingen, E.R., Pitchforth, E. (2006) Focus Group Research in Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care, J Fam Plan Reprod Health Care 32 (1): 30-32.
- Pitchforth, E., Teijlingen van, E., Ireland, J. (2007) Focusing the group, RCM Midwives J 10(2): 78-80.
- van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P., Stephen, J. (2013) Doing focus groups in the health field: Some lessons from Nepal, Health Prospect 12(1): 15-17. http://www.nepjol.info/index.php/HPROSPECT/article/view/8722/7111
This month a team of FHSS staff published their editorial in the latest issue of the academic journal Health Prospect . The lead author is Dr. Pramod Regmi working in collaboration with CMMPH’s Professor Vanora Hundley, FHSS PhD students Preeti Mahato and Sheetal Sharma, and Professor Padam Simkhada from Liverpool John Moores University who is also Visiting Faculty at BU. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the new guidance for nations and international organisations worldwide following the completion of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which run from 2000 to 2015. We wrote about the MDGs and their relevance to midwifery and maternity care in a previous article .
Edwin van Teijlingen
- Regmi, P.R., van Teijlingen, E., Hundley, V., Simkhada, P., Sharma, S., Mahato, P. Sustainable Development Goals: relevance to maternal and child health in Nepal Health Prospect 2016; 15(1): 9-10.
- van Teijlingen, E., Hundley, V., Matthews, Z., Lewis, G., Graham, W.J., Campbell, J., ten Hoope-Bender, P., Sheppard, Z.A., Hulton, L. Millennium Development Goals: All good things must come to an end, so what next? Midwifery 2014; 30: 1-2.
Four academics, Dr Susan Way, Dr Vanessa Heaslip, Ashley Spriggs and Dr Dawn Morley, from FHSS are presenting papers at the Nurse Education Today / Nurse Education in Practice Conference this week, 3rd – 6th April, in Brisbane. The conference is recognised as a leading nurse education event where cutting edge research and innovation ideas from across the world are disseminated. This year the conference has been expanded for the first time to include Midwifery Education.
The title of Dr Susan Way’s presentation is, ‘Leading with a SMiLE: Exploring a student-led clinic, practice education model for educational impact and service improvement’. The Student Midwives integrated Learning Environment (SMiLE) offers an alternative, reliable and collaborative student-led clinic practice education model for equipping midwives of the future with the knowledge, skills and competencies they will need to provide safe and effective postnatal care, to mothers, babies and their families. Early service evaluation of the clinic suggests that students found it benefitted their learning, built their confidence and gave them opportunities to develop their postnatal skills. Peer learning and teamworking relationships were also improved.
Dr Vanessa Heaslip and Ashley Spriggs present their collaborative study entitled “humanising the interview process”; an evaluation of service user/carers contribution to value based recruitment in a pre-registration adult nursing programme. The mixed-method evaluation analysed the perspectives of differing stakeholders (Candidates, SU/Carers, Academics and Practice Partners) regarding the role SU/Carer engagement in Adult Nursing Pre-registration interviews. Early findings from candidates have highlighted they value the involvement of SU/Carers in the interview process, SU/Carers add a “human dimension” ensuring a focus on the heart of nursing and its value base rather than the role of nursing and associated nursing tasks.
Dr Dawn Morley’s presentation focuses on the ‘ebb and flow model of mentoring students in practice’. Twenty one first year student nurses interviewed were insightful as to how their practice learning experience could be improved on their first placement.
The findings of her research highlighted the importance of consistently working with an expert who could encapsulate the “whole” of professional practice but who could also question and coach students through their learning experiences. The research suggested that this was best achieved through an “ebb and flow” model of mentorship where student and mentor were constantly negotiating short term learning goals and opportunities together that accommodated the challenge of workforce demands. By working and learning in this organic manner students were party to the professional decision making and observation of qualified nurses and were educated to a critical decision making level from the earliest opportunity in their clinical practice.
Professor Steve Tees, Executive Dean of the Faculty was also at the Conference in his capacity as one of the Editors of Nurse Education Today journal.
This new issue of the Nepal Journal of Epidemiology contains a systematic review by FHSS Visiting Faculty Prof. Padam Simkhada (based at Liverpool John Moores University). The review was produced in collaboration with Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen in BU’s Centre for Midwifery, Maternal & Perinatal Health (CMMPH). Their paper ‘Factors influencing sexual behaviour between tourists and tourism employees: A systematic review’ is co-written with a researcher from Green Tara Nepal and an independent Public Health Consultant based in the UK.  This systematic review reports on factors influencing sexual behaviour between workers in the tourism industry and tourists, including their risk perceptions when engaging in sexual activities and the knowledge of STIs (sexually transmitted infections).
This is the third paper from this group on sexual health and tourism. The previous two papers were written with BU’s Dr. Pramod Regmi. These two publications reported on sexual behaviour of male trekking guides in Nepal such as sexual interactions with tourists and locals. The qualitative paper based on interviews with trekking guides has been published in Culture, Health & Sexuality  and the quantitative survey paper appeared in Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences .
This week’s publication the Nepal Journal of Epidemiology is Open Access, hence freely available, as is the third paper listed below.
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
- Simkhada, P.P., Sharma, A., van Teijlingen, E.R., Beanland, R,L. (2016) Factors influencing sexual behaviour between tourists and tourism employees: A systematic review. Nepal Journal of Epidemiology 6(1): 530-538.
- Simkhada, P., Bhatta, P., van Teijlingen E., Regmi, P. (2010) Sexual health knowledge, sexual relationships and condom use among male trekking guides in Nepal. Culture, Health & Sexuality 12(1): 45-58.
- Simkhada, P., van Teijlingen, E., Regmi, P., Bhatta, P., Ingham, R., Stone, N. (2015) Sexual health knowledge and risky sexual behaviour of Nepalese trekking guides. Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences 1(4): 35-42.
Since his arrival in the Faculty of Health & Social Sciences last year postdoctoral researcher Dr. Pramod Regmi has been busy getting his publications out. Yesterday saw the latest of his articles appear in print, this time in the latest issue of the Nepal Journal of Epidemiology. The editorial, co-authored with Dr. Om Kurmi (University of Oxford) and Dr. Puspa R. Pant at the University of the West of England, addresses the growing problem air pollution in low-income countries such as Nepal. The paper is called: ‘Implication of Air pollution on health effects in Nepal: Lessons from global research’. 
The journal is Open Access so the article can be accessed by anybody across the globe for free.
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
- Kurmi O, Regmi PR, Pant PR. Implication of Air pollution on health effects in Nepal: Lessons from global research. Nepal J Epidemiol. 2016;6(1); 525-527. (online at: http://www.nepjol.info/index.php/NJE/article/view/14733/11949 )