Congratulations to Jane Healy and Rosslyn Dray, both in the Department of Social Sciences & Social Work on their publication today in The Journal of Adult Protection. Their paper’ Missing links: Safeguarding and disability hate crime responses’ considers the relationship between disability hate crime and safeguarding adults . It critically considers whether safeguarding responses to disability hate crime have changed following the implementation of the Care Act 2014. Historically, protectionist responses to disabled people may have masked the scale of hate crime and prevented them from seeking legal recourse through the criminal justice system (CJS). This paper investigates whether agencies are working together effectively to tackle hate crime. The authors conclude that raising the profile of disability hate crime within safeguarding teams could lead to achieving more effective outcomes for adults at risk: improving confidence in reporting, identifying perpetrators of hate crimes, enabling the CJS to intervene and reducing the risk of further targeted abuse on the victim or wider community.
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
Category / Uncategorized
Our team of health and social science researchers reached a record 25 publications focusing on health and migration in Nepal. The team comprises members from three different departments in FHSS. Dr. Preeti Mahato, Post Doctoral Researcher, and Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen are both based in the Department of Midwifery & Health Sciences, Dr. Pramod Regmi, is Senior Lecturer in International Health and Interim Global Engagement Lead in the Department of Nursing Sciences, Dr. Shovita Dhakal Adhikari is Lecturer in Criminology in the Department of Social Sciences & Social Work. Their collaborators include, among others: FHSS Visiting Faculty Prof. Padam Simkhada, Dr. Pratik Adhikary, Dr. Bibha Sinkhada, and Dr. Nirmal Aryal. The team was also instrumental in establishing the ‘‘Health Research Network for Migrant Workers in Asia’. The 25 publications are listed below [1-25].
- Khatri, R., van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P. (2022) The health and well-being of female labour migrants from: A qualitative study of stakeholder views, Europasian Journal of Medical Sciences (EJMS) accepted
- Aryal, N., Sedhain, A., Regmi, P.R., KC, R.K.,& van Teijlingen, E. (2021). Risk of kidney health among returnee Nepali migrant workers: A survey of nephrologists. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 12(12), 126–132.
- Aryal, N., Regmi, P.R., Sedhain, A., KC, R.K., Martinez Faller, E., Rijal, A., van Teijlingen, E. (2021) Kidney health risk of migrant workers: An issue we can no longer overlook. Health Prospect 20(1):15-7
- Simkhada, B., Vahdaninia, M., van Teijlingen, E., Blunt, H. (2021) Cultural issues on accessing mental health services in Nepali and Iranian migrants communities in the UK, International Journal of Mental Health Nursing 30(6):1610-1619.
- Khanal, S. P., van Teijlingen, E., Sharma, M. K., Acharya, J., & Sharma, S. (2021).Perceived threats towards COVID-19 pandemic among Nepali migrant workers returned from India. Journal of Health Promotion, 9(01), 87–99.
- Adhikary, P., Aryal, N., Dhungana, R.R., KC, R.K., Regmi, P.R., Wickramage, K.P., Duigan, P., Inkochasan, M., Sharma, G.N., Devkota, B., van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P. (2020) Accessing health services in India: experiences of seasonal migrants returning to Nepal. BMC Health Services Research 20, 992. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05846-7
- IOM [International Organization for Migration]. (2019) Health vulnerabilities of cross-border migrants from Nepal. Kathmandu: International Organization for Migration.
- Aryal, N., Regmi, P.R., van Teijlingen, E., Trenoweth, S., Adhikary, P., Simkhada, P. (2020) The Impact of Spousal Migration on the Mental Health of Nepali Women: A Cross-Sectional Study, International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health 17(4), 1292.
- Regmi, P., Aryal, N., van Teijlingen, E., Adhikary, P. (2020) Nepali migrant workers and the need for pre-departure training on mental health: a qualitative study, Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health 22, 973–981.
- Adhikary, P. van Teijlingen, E. (2020) Support networks in the Middle East & Malaysia: A qualitative study of Nepali returnee migrants’ experiences, International Journal of Occupational Safety & Health (IJOSH), 9(2): 31-35.
- Vahdaninia, M., Simkhada, B., van Teijlingen, E., Blunt, H., Mercel-Sanca, A. (2020) Mental health interventions and services for Black, Asian & Minority Ethnics (BAME) in the UK: a scoping review, Mental Health & Social Inclusion 24(2): 81-95.
- Regmi, P., van Teijlingen, E., Mahato, P., Aryal, N., Jadhav, N., Simkhada, P., Syed Zahiruddin, Q., Gaidhane, A., (2019) The health of Nepali migrants in India: A qualitative study of lifestyles and risks, Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health 16(19), 3655; doi:10.3390/ijerph16193655.
- Dhungana, R.R., Aryal, N, Adhikary, P., KC, R., Regmi, P.R., Devkota, B., Sharma, G.N., Wickramage, K., van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P. (2019) Psychological morbidity in Nepali cross-border migrants in India: A community-based cross-sectional, BMC Public Health 19:1534 https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-019-7881-z
- Aryal, N., Regmi, P.R., van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P., Mahato, P. (2019) Adolescents left behind by migrant workers: a call for community-based mental health interventions in Nepal. WHO South East Asia Journal of Public Health 8(1): 38-41.
- Aryal, N., Regmi, P.R., Faller, E.M,, van Teijlingen, E., Khoon, C.C., Pereira, A., Simkhada, P. (2019) ‘Sudden cardiac death and kidney health related problems among Nepali migrant workers in Malaysia’ Nepal Journal of Epidemiology 9(3): 755-758. https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/NJE/article/view/25805
- Adhikary P, van Teijlingen E., Keen S. (2019) Workplace accidents among Nepali male workers in the Middle East and Malaysia: A qualitative study, Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health 21(5): 1115–1122. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10903-018-0801-y
- Simkhada, P.P., van Teijlingen, E.R., Gurung, M., Wasti, S. (2018) A survey of health problems of Nepalese female migrants workers in the Middle-East & Malaysia, BMC International Health & Human Rights 18(4): 1-7. http://rdcu.be/E3Ro
- Adhikary P, Sheppard, Z., Keen S., van Teijlingen E. (2018) Health and well-being of Nepalese migrant workers abroad, International Journal of Migration, Health & Social Care 14(1): 96-105. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMHSC-12-2015-0052
- Adhikary, P, Sheppard, Z., Keen, S., van Teijlingen, E. (2017) Risky work: accidents among Nepalese migrant workers in Malaysia, Qatar & Saudi Arabia, Health Prospect 16(2): 3-10.
- Simkhada, P.P., Regmi, P.R., van Teijlingen, E., Aryal, N. (2017) Identifying the gaps in Nepalese migrant workers’ health and well-being: A review of the literature, Journal of Travel Medicine 24(4): 1-9.
- Aryal, N., Regmi, P.R., van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P., Adhikary, P., Bhatta, Y.K.D., Mann, S. (2016) Injury and Mortality in Young Nepalese Migrant Workers: A Call for Public Health Action. Asian-Pacific Journal of Public Health 28(8): 703-705.
- Sapkota, T., Simkhada, P., van Teijlingen, E. (2014) Nepalese health workers’ migration to United Kingdom: A qualitative study. Health Science Journal 8(1):57-74.
- Adhikary P, Keen S and van Teijlingen E (2011). Health Issues among Nepalese migrant workers in the Middle East. Health Science Journal.5(3):169-i75 DOI: 2-s2.0-79960420128.
- van Teijlingen E, Simkhada, P., Adhikary, P. (2009) Alcohol use among the Nepalese in the UK BMJ Rapid Response: www.bmj.com/cgi/eletters/339/oct20_1/b4028#223451
- Adhikary, P., Simkhada, P.P., van Teijlingen E., Raja, AE. (2008) Health & Lifestyle of Nepalese Migrants in the UK, BMC International Health & Human Rights 8(6). Web address: www.biomedcentral.com/1472-698X/8/6
Congratulations to Dr. Orlanda Harvey in the Department of Social Sciences & Social Work, Dr. Pramod Regmi in the Department of Nursing Science and FHSS Visiting Faculty Jillian Ireland, Professional Midwifery Advocate in Poole Maternity Hospital (UHD/University Hospitals Dorset NHS Foundation Trust) whose paper ‘Co-authors, colleagues, and contributors: Complexities in collaboration and sharing lessons on academic writing‘ was published today.
The paper argues that academic writing, especially in the health field, is usually an interdisciplinary team effort. It highlights some of the trials, tribulations, and benefits of working with co-authors. This includes collaborations and co-authorship between academics from different disciplines, academics of different level of careers, and authors from countries of varying economies i.e., high-income countries (HICs) and from low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). This paper also provides advice in the form of several useful tips to lead authors and co-authors to support collaborative working. Our other co-authors are: Aney Rijal, postgraduate student and Executive Editor of the journal Health Prospect based in Nepal, and Alexander van Teijlingen postgraduate student in the Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry (University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland).
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
Centre for Midwifery, Maternal & Perinatal Health
- Harvey, O., van Teijlingen, A., Regmi, P.R., Ireland, J., Rijal, A., van Teijlingen, E.R. (2022) Co-authors, colleagues, and contributors: Complexities in collaboration and sharing lessons on academic writing Health Prospect 21(1):1-3.
Bournemouth University has a small amount of HEIF (Higher Education Innovation Fund) funding available to facilitate and enhance research and development collaboration with external partners.
Dr Diogo Montalvão, Professor Phil Sewell and Ms Abi Batley have been awarded £2,710 HEIF funding in July 2021 with the aim to pump-prime research through getting the engagement and commitment from industry in a future research grant application we intend to submit to the EPSRC under the Manufacturing the Future Scheme. The proposal intends to develop UK capability in Multiaxial Ultrasonic Fatigue Testing (UFT) to get predictability of advanced material properties, namely metal AM (additive manufacturing) materials.
This HEIF funding has been pivotal on the demonstration of our advanced manufacturing and testing capability.
Having as primary SIA Sustainability, Low Carbon Technology & Materials Science, our mission is to contribute to reducing global waste by extending the life and enhancing the optimisation of any engineered systems through incorporating novel advanced materials tested under ultrasonic fatigue for quick and reliable predictability of properties to extend their lives. Therefore, the project addresses the UN sustainability goals of Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure; Responsible Production and Consumption; and, Climate Action.
The Design & Engineering Innovation Centre has acquired a Metal Additive Manufacturing 3D printer (figure 1) that is capable of printing steel, aluminium, cobalt, nickel and titanium based alloys. The machine was commissioned in July 2021 and this HEIF funding is promoting the very first case study where metal 3D printed parts are produced with a purpose.
Figure 1. Orlas Creator Metal Additive Manufacturing machine in the Design & Engineering Innovation Centre.
Ultrasonic Fatigue Testing (UFT) in a nutshell
Little is known about the lifetime properties of novel advanced materials, such as metal 3D printed ones. Knowing that approximately 90% of all metallic failures are due to cyclic loadings (a layman’s example would be what happens with a paper clip when we bend it many times – it will eventually snap), we are leading global research into the application of ultrasonics for fatigue testing of advanced materials. This is the only method to quickly determine the predictability of material properties that will be subjected to cyclic loading: Ultrasonic fatigue testing (UFT) enable tests to be extended to 1 billion cycles in just a few days compared to months or years (figure 2). This allows engineering products with confidence to last for extended lifetimes, which was not so easy in the past.
Figure 2. Comparison between the duration different fatigue testing methods need to be completed, assuming tests can run uninterruptedly.
One example of specimens that have been used to determine material properties are specimens that are cruciform, as they account for loads in two different directions to better replicate real working conditions in the lab. The PI, Dr Diogo Montalvão, has been leading research in adapting these specimens to ultrasonic fatigue testing and, under this HEIF, has redesigned them to be produced, for the very first time ever, by additive manufacturing (i.e., on a 3D printer) rather than by subtractive manufacturing (i.e., from machining in a CNC mill). The two specimens mentioned are shown in figure 3.
Figure 3. Ultrasonic fatigue testing equibiaxial cruciform specimens (i.e., enable testing two equal loads in two perpendicular directions). Left: original subtractive manufacturing design. Right: new design for additive manufacturing.
It took about 18 hours to 3D print the specimen represented in figure 3 on the right in the Orlas Creator printer in the Design and Engineering Innovation Centre. Material used was a stainless-steel alloy. According to Mr Richard Glithro (CAD Demonstrator) and Ms Abigail Batley (Additive and Virtual Manufacturing Technician), this very first specimen did push the envelope during the manufacturing process as it was designed to fit the maximum available space in the machine chamber (the specimen occupies the area of a circle with 100 mm diameter).
Video 1. 3D printing in progress in the Design and Engineering Innovation Centre: .
One interesting result, which corroborates the hypothesis that metal additive manufacturing is more eco-friendly with up to 4 times lower scrap material generated in parts manufactured, is that the buy-to-fly ratio was 1.25:1 only for the part in figure 3 on the right, with the produced part produced weighing 191 gf (a little bit under the 223.8 gf initially predicted due to some defects discussed below), whereas the scrap material was measured to weigh 47.4 gf. When the machined part represented in figure 3 on the left was produced (from subtractive manufacturing), the buy-to-fly ratio was determined to be 3.85:1, producing 3.1 times as much waste (in proportion) when compared to the metal additive manufactured counterpart.
Challenges and Future steps
There were a few problems with the printing with large defects appearing in one of the arms (figure 5). While it is not yet known what the issue(s) is(are), Mr Richard Glithro and Ms Abigail Batley are determined to get a “perfect” part and are investigating what parameters need to be changed in the printing (or design) process. A new part is being sent to manufacturing and, once the intended design specification is achieved, specimens are meant to be tested in Ultrasonic Fatigue Testing. That will be done within the ADDISONIC research project that has been funded this Summer by the University under the Strategic Investment Areas game changing call.
The ADDISONIC is a project that counts with the International collaboration from the University of Lisbon in Portugal. Betta Della Giustina and Ryan Mappledoram are two BEng (Hons) Mechanical Engineering students who are driven by research and who have embraced projects in this exciting field as their final year projects. We expect that their contributions will bring valuable insights into the project’s future.
As an external outreach goal, which was part of HEIF’s initial objectives, it is expected that the outcomes from this work will attract local as well as Nationwide businesses who are concerned with the life of their products, namely those operating in the aerospace, automotive, defence, biomedical and oil & gas sectors.
Figure 5. Specimen inside the printer with support material and defects at one side of one of the arms visible.
The scientific journal Nepal Journal of Epidemiology published its fourth and final issue of 2021 on December 31. This issue included our systematic review ‘Epidemiologic characteristics, clinical management and Public Health Implications of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and meta-analysis’. This review covered the published literature on the epidemiology, clinical management and public health prevention aspects of pregnancy and childbirth and coronavirus (COVID-19) up until December 2020. We worked hard and fast to submit the paper as soon as possible after the end of 2020 to keep publish up-to-date findings. We managed this and submitted the paper on March 5th, the peer-review took some months and so did the making of the revisions. As a result we resubmitted the manuscript of 29 September and we got the acceptance email within a week. We made it into the next issue of the Nepal Journal of Epidemiology which published exactly one year after the data collection period had ended for our systematic review.
There are two lessons here, first even when submitting to an online journal one will experience a delay in publishing. Secondly, the 36 paper we included were published in 2020, meaning these scientific papers were submitted in mid-2020 at the latest in order to make it through the peer-review process, get accepted and formatted for online publication.
In the resubmitted version we had to add as a weakness of this review that: “It is worth noting that this extensive systematic review only
cover papers published in 2020, and hence studies conducted in
or before 2020. This was before the emergence of variants of
COVID-19, especially the delta and omicron variants.”
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
CMMPH (Centre for Midwifery, Maternal & Perinatal Health).
Recently I completed a game of Happy Families, to be more precise I added a paper with my fourth family member to a ‘collection’. I got the idea from Prof. Jonathan Parker and Prof. Sara Ashencaen Crabtree (both based in the Department of Social Sciences & Social Work) who published a paper with their children a few years ago . When Jonathan told me about this achievement I had already published two dozen of scientific and practitioners’ papers with my partner Jilly Ireland, Professional Midwifery Advocate in University Hospitals Dorset NHS Foundation Trust and FHSS Visiting Faculty (for example 2-5).
Two years ago, Dr. Preeti Mahato (in the Centre for Midwifery, Maternal & Perinatal Health) and I published a paper with my middle son about ‘Vaping and e-cigarettes: A public health warning or a health promotion tool?’ . The following year, Prof. Hamid Bouchachia (Faculty of Science & Technology) and I co-authored a paper with my oldest son on AI and health in Nepal , followed by a paper this year on academic publishing with FHSS’s Dr. Shovita Dhakal Adhikari (Department of Social Sciences & Social Work , Dr. Nirmal Aryal (CMMPH) and Dr. Pramod Regmi (Department of Nursing Sciences . And to complete the four family members in the Happy Families set, I published a paper late last month with my daughter under the title ‘ Understanding health education, health promotion and public health’ .
- Parker, J., Ashencaen Crabtree, S., Crabtree Parker, M. and Crabtree Parker, I., 2019. ‘Behaving like a Jakun!’ A case study of conflict, ‘othering’ and indigenous knowledge in the Orang Asli of Tasik Chini. Journal of Sociology and Development, 3 (1): 23-45.
- Ireland, J., Bryers, H., van Teijlingen E., Hundley, V., Farmer, J., Harris, F., Tucker, J., Kiger, A., Caldow, J. (2007) Competencies and Skills for Remote & Rural Maternity Care: A Review of the Literature, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 58(2): 105-115.
- van Teijlingen E., Simkhada, P., Ireland, J. (2010) Lessons learnt from undertaking maternity-care research in developing countries. Evidence-based Midwifery 8(1): 12-6.
- Ireland, J., van Teijlingen, E, Kemp J. (2015) Twinning in Nepal: the Royal College of Midwives UK and the Midwifery Society of Nepal working in partnership, Journal of Asian Midwives 2 (1): 26-33. http://ecommons.aku.edu/jam/vol2/iss1/5/
- Ireland, J., Khashu, M., Cescutti-Butler, L., van Teijlingen, E, Hewitt-Taylor, J. (2016) Experiences of fathers with babies admitted to neonatal care units: A review of literature, Journal of Neonatal Nursing 22(4): 171–176.
- van Teijlingen, E., Mahato, P., Simkhada, P., van Teijlingen, C., Asim, M., & Sathian, B. (2019). Vaping and e-cigarettes: A public health warning or a health promotion tool? Nepal Journal of Epidemiology, 9(4), 792-794. https://doi.org/10.3126/nje.v9i4.26960
- van Teijlingen, A., Tuttle, T., Bouchachia, H., Sathian, B., & van Teijlingen, E. (2020). Artificial Intelligence and Health in Nepal. Nepal Journal of Epidemiology, 10(3), 915–918. https://doi.org/10.3126/nje.v10i3.31649
- van Teijlingen, E.R., Dhakal Adhikari, S., Regmi, P.R., van Teijlingen, A., Aryal, N., Panday, S. (2021). Publishing, identifiers & metrics: Playing the numbers game. Health Prospect, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.3126/hprospect.v20i1.37391
- van Teijlingen, K., Devkota, B., Douglas, F., Simkhada, P., van Teijlingen, E. (2021) Understanding health education, health promotion and public health, Journal of Health Promotion 9(1):1-7. https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/jhp/article/view/40957
CALLING ALL HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ECRs:
- Do you want to supercharge your skills development?
- Do you want access to a range of free training and mentoring?
- Do you want to engage in networking opportunities?
Take a look at this…
THE BRITISH ACADEMY’S ECR NETWORK EXPANDS INTO SOUTH WEST WITH NEW HUB.
The British Academy has expanded its Early-Career Researcher (ECR) Network via a pilot programme aimed at UK-based postdoctoral researchers in the humanities and social sciences – into the Southwest region with a new hub comprising the Universities of Bath, Bristol, Cardiff, Exeter, Bath Spa, Bournemouth, Gloucestershire, Plymouth and UWE.
This two-year pilot programme aims to establish an inclusive, UK-wide Network for ECRs in the humanities and social sciences, providing opportunities for skills development and networking across the whole country.
As you can imagine we are all very BU Proud to be part of this consortium so please make the most of this opportunity and sign up to supercharge your trajectory…
The link to join the network is here: https://www.smartsurvey.co.uk/s/BAECRN/
Information about the network, including FAQs is here: https://www.thebritishacademy.ac.uk/early-career-researcher-network/
This week sees the online release of a new open access comics database (https://www.juliaround.com/spellbound) that reveals previously unknown and unpublished information about the British girls’ mystery comic Spellbound (DC Thomson, 1976-78).
British comics dominated children’s entertainment in the United Kingdom for several decades over the latter half of the twentieth century. There were hundreds of weekly titles, with the most popular circulating over a million copies. They were diverse, exciting, irreverent, innovative, and worked on by some of the top talent in Europe (many artists came from Spanish studios). But their taut storytelling, dynamic layouts, and dramatic content are just memories to many old readers today – and in fact even these are fading. Memories from within the industry are equally precarious, as we have sadly lost a number of important creators over the past few years.
My research aims to increase access to information on British girls’ comics for readers, fans, and researchers. The majority of British comics in the 1970s did not credit their writers or artists, and the comics themselves are often hard to access, so preserving and publicising information on their creators and their content is vital to help us remember and explore their legacy.
Over the last decade I have done a lot of research into Misty, a competitor title published by Fleetway/IPC (1978-80). In 2019 I published my book Gothic for Girls: Misty and British Comics which was the first full-length critical history published on any single British comic. It brought together a wealth of primary research taken from archival visits, creator interviews, and online discussions with past readers, and revealed a great deal about the hidden history and production practices of the comics industry in this country. Many of the writers, artists, editors and associates I interviewed had never previously spoken about their work for British comics. Their recollections gave a fascinating picture of how the industry operated – one that is in danger of being entirely lost due to a lack of records and the ephemeral nature of these publications.
It was a joy to help name the creators of these stories and to finally credit them for their work, and when my project ended I wanted to continue this and make more information about British girls’ comics freely available. The Women’s Academic Network awarded me a small amount of funding back in March 2020 to support planned research trips to access archives of 1970s girls’ comics and speak with relevant publishers and creators. Due to the pandemic a lot of this research instead had to be conducted online and I also purchased several lots of comics as I was unable to access archives.
My aim was to complete my archival analysis of Spellbound and produce an open access database collating all the information I could find on its content (stories, creator names, recurring themes, etc). I’m very happy to announce I’ve finally managed to get the resulting database online and it has now been published at https://www.juliaround.com/spellbound. It contains story summaries and creator information (where known) on the entire run of Spellbound and is searchable by name, keyword, title, etc. My hope is that it introduces new readers to the types of stories that these comics told, that it helps old readers locate the stories they can’t quite remember and find out more about the ones they love, and that it is generally a useful resource for any fans or scholars interested in these lost publications.
Julia Round’s research examines the intersections of Gothic, comics and children’s literature. Her books include Gothic in Comics and Graphic Novels (2014) and the award-winning Gothic for Girls (2019). She is an Associate Professor in English and Comics Studies at Bournemouth University, UK, co-organises the annual International Graphic Novel and Comics Conference (IGNCC), and edits Studies in Comics journal and the Encapsulations book series. She shares her work at www.juliaround.com.
Following achievement of BU’s Department of Design & Engineering the Athena SWAN bronze award, in recognition of commitment to working towards gender equality in higher education, we would like to share the journey, briefly.
We are very proud that the Athena SWAN Panel from Advance HE commends the Department for its work to progress gender equality, including the development of an organisational structure to carry this work forward.
Athena SWAN was introduced in May 2019 by two members of the BU SWAN steering group to Design and Engineering Department. The Self-Assessment Team (SAT) leaders were appointed after an open call for expressions of interest by the HoD in October 2019. A call for SAT membership was made in December 2019. The SAT was formally introduced by the SAT leaders in January 2020, and seven individuals with various backgrounds (academic, professional & support, and students (UG and PGR)) were appointed and contributed to the development of the application.
For the preparation of the application there had been several face to face and virtual Self-Assessment Team meetings and two focus groups conducted virtually to further explore the related topics. There has been a high level of interest from D&E SAT members who are from diverse backgrounds in addressing gender equality within the department during the pandemic. Although the lockdown caused cancellation of some outreach activities, virtual SAT activities enabled everyone to take pride in being part of a community that is contributing to engineering and technology advancements.
During this journey, Dr James Palfreman-Kay, BU Equality and Diversity Advisor, has acted as the advisor of the the teamwork leading to an action plan which was used as the basis for the Athena SWAN bronze award submission.
The Design & Engineering department is committed to a fully inclusive environment to work and study in addressing fusion, Research, Education and Professional Practice. This award gives us confidence that the actions we are undertaking will enable us to achieve this aim.
Dr Mel Hughes, from the Centre for Seldom Heard Voices, was asked by Urban Markström and Ulla-Karin to join them as part of an advisory board for a project, for which they have received a six-year research grant regarding service user involvement in community mental health.
All researchers in the research program, called called ‘UserInvolve’ are members of a Swedish research network called Centre for Evidence-based Psychosocial Interventions (CEPI). A couple of times a year, they arrange seminars, where they introduce current themes or discuss a variety of ongoing projects. Participating are both senior and junior researchers, and people with lived experience of mental illness (often representatives from service user organisations).
Mel was invited to present at the seminar series on 10th November 2021 and the session was really well received and triggered a great discussion on parity of participation and how we need to change the research system to make involvement more inclusive. The day after the event, Ulla-Karin said ‘talk in the hallways today is that people are very enthusiastic and inspired by your talk on CEPI, yesterday’.
Mel is now working with Ulla-Karin and other colleagues to Guest edit a Special Issue of the British Journal of Social Work on The Voice and Influence of people with lived experience.
Well done, Mel!
Once again you are all invited to join us for an hour of talking research process.
This week, it’s: Combining Research with Filmmaking – by Prof Roman Gerodimos
In this session we will look at ways of using film to communicate research, using research to inform film-making, but also using filmmaking and creative media practice as a field of research. Drawing on my recent films (https://www.edgeofthepresent.com/), I will explore different formats: the essay film, the documentary, and the historically informed live-action fiction film; how to maximise Fusion synergies between research and filmmaking, including co-creation, learning resources, public engagement, and feeding into grants; as well as reflecting on the challenges of working with little or no resource, crowdfunding, engaging stakeholders and building communities of viewers.
We can use the Q&A to discuss how these formats might work for your own research.
Tuesday 30th November at 2pm on Zoom
Meeting ID: 929 210 3478
All welcome. Hope to see you there!
The process of peer review is widely recognised as the key element of quality control in academic publishing and the scientific community more generally. Peer review is the critical appraisal of one’s work by fellow scholars, who read and comment on your manuscript and offered a verdict on its quality, rigour, originality, style, completeness, etc. etc.
Peer reviewers are typically experts in your field, if not your topic, or who have expertise in the methods you applied or the population or are you studied. They are also academics often with busy day jobs, who act as unpaid peer reviewers, and as journal editors for that matter. Peer reviewers are with full-time jobs who give up their free time to review for academic journals. A recent article by Aczel and colleagues (2021) reported that reviewers across the globe spent over 100 million hours on peer reviewing for free in 2020, the estimated value of this equated to nearly £300 million in the UK alone. This quantifies in some of my feelings I wrote about a decade ago now in a BU Research Blog with the title ‘Peer review and bust academics’.
However, with the ever-growing number of health and social science journals the requests for reviewing seem to grow relentlessly. This month alone (November 2021) I received twenty or 21 requests to review. I have reviewed three manuscripts for Birth, Nepal Journal of Epidemiology, and The Journal of International Development, but I had to reject or ignore many more (see Table 1). I usually do my reviews over the weekend. One weekend this month I could not review because I had to prepare materials for the external auditor who came to visit Bournemouth University for a project recently completed, and this weekend I could not find the time because I’m proof-reading two PhD chapters (and writing this blog).
I leave you with some food for thought: academics spent time applying for research funding, then apply for the ethical approval, do the research, we write up the findings, and write blogs about the process!
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
Centre for Midwifery, Maternal & Perinatal Health (CMMPH)
Aczel, B., Szaszi, B., Holcombe, A.O. (2021) A billion-dollar donation: estimating the cost of researchers’ time spent on peer review. Res Integr Peer Rev 6, 14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41073-021-00118-2.
The transcripts and audio recordings from the Memories of Nursing oral history project have been added to BORDaR (BU’s research data repository), opening up a rich source of material for future research! We asked the research team to share a bit more about the project and the data collected:
What’s most exciting about the research?
As nurses, we have the privilege of engaging with many aspects of life and make connections with people and their families, in a wide variety of contexts. This project draws on the rich narratives of nurses who retired to Dorset from a number of areas around the UK and who practiced throughout the world. Through the interviews, we can share their experiences of change, innovation, heartache and laughter. The interviews with 18 participants offer a window into challenges and practices of the past and therefore offer insights to inform the future of nursing.
What do you see as the benefits of making your data available?
This rich data set comprises interviews undertaken with 18 retired nurses totalling several hours and offers feminist researchers, social historians, oral history researchers and, of course, nurses access to a unique archive collection.
The variety of topics covered can be viewed as a whole or provide insights into specific aspects of nursing practice that can by examined across participants and across time. A number of participants practiced during the second world war and through the inception of the NHS, offering insights into care at a time of crucial change in the UK. These stories offer a unique insight into the life of nurses in the second the part of the twentieth century.
Transcripts and audio recordings on BORDaR: https://doi.org/10.18746/bmth.data.00000184
The Memories of Nursing website: https://memoriesofnursing.uk/
Research data management library guide: https://libguides.bournemouth.ac.uk/research-data-management
Dr. Pramod Regmi, Senior Lecturer in International Health in the Department of Nursing Science, has been invited to speak at the forthcoming NIRI Webinar on this Saturday (27th November 2021). He will be jointly presenting with Dr. Nirmal Aryal, Visiting Faculty at the Department of Health & Social Sciences (FHSS). Pramod and Nirmal will be speaking on ‘The hidden health costs of Nepali labour migrants’, following the coverage of Bournemouth University’s research on this topic in The Sunday Times the weekend before last.
NIRI (Nexus Institute of Research and Innovation) is a not-for-profit-sharing institution established by Nepalese scientists, academics, and social workers with a common goal of fostering research and innovation in Nepal. The session will be presented ‘live’ on Facebook.
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
Centre for Midwifery, Maternal & Perinatal Health
Hi, I’m Dr. Miguel Moital, Principal Academic in Events Management within the Department of Sport & Events Management, Bournemouth University Business School.
Last Thursday I had the honour to contribute to the CinTurs Seminars 2021 series, with a presentation on “Theory in (tourism) research”. The essence of the topic is that by understanding the theory behind using theory in (tourism) research, researchers will be better equiped to achieve high levels of theorisation, with all the benefits that ensue.
CinTurs in a government accredited research centre affiliated to the Algarve University, Portugal, whose mission focuses on the development and transfer of knowledge towards the sustainable development of tourism destinations and the well-being of tourists, visited communities and employees in the tourism industry. CinTurs is funded by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), and had the highest grade among the Tourism, Hospitality and Hotel management R&D centres in the last FCT evaluation cycle. The research centre consists of almost 40 active researchers and over 50 PhD students.
More than 70 people registered for the webinar, which included time for questions at the end. Some of the material had been presented before at the 2020 and 2021 Annual Conferences of the Brazilian Association of Tourism Research and Post-graduation (ANPTUR), in association with Professor Verônica Mayer of Fluminense Federal University (Rio de Janeiro).
I thoroughly enjoyed sharing some of the material collated and developed over the past few years. I also managed to provide a professional and interactive digital experience by using my state-of-the-art-digital learning experiences production studio that I have set up at home (if you want to know what I am talking about, watch this video followed by this one). I used a highly animated and colourful powerpoint presentation, providing a more guided narrative, which is vital when delivering content virtually. I also branded the event using the ‘supersource’ feature of the ATEM Mini Extreme video switcher. This feature allows me to bring myself and the presentation on to a single image over a background picture, which in this instance contained institutional logos and the name of the event.
The combination of content and narratives presented in the webinar is still quite new and developing all the time, so you never know how participants will react to it. This is particularly the case when there is a mixed audience made up of undergraduate, masters and PhD students, ECRs and experienced researchers, as was the case of this Webinar.
I am pleased to say that feedback was extremely positive.
Professor João Albino Silva, Full Professor at the Algarve University, said:
Congratulations on the excellent lesson you delivered this afternoon. It is not an easy topic but the clarity of your explanations is a result of the substantial investment you have done in this area. Without a doubt, your contribution to our Seminar series is very important for us, and in particular for our PhD students.
Dr. Maria João Carneiro, Assistant Professor at Aveiro University, commented that:
I enjoyed the Webinar very much. The content was very interesting and useful. Everything was very clear, with enriching and interesting perspectives, supported by very clear examples.
Dominique Carrignton, a BU undergraduate student that I supervise, said:
I thought it was really helpful and useful! It was very engaging with the interactive slides and helped to visually see the process of theory. You covered a lot of the key content in a short time, finding the right balance of material with examples. It helped me think about where my research idea fits for sure!
The 90-minute webinar focused on the following themes:
- Why theory is essential in (tourism) research
- The role and functions of theory
- The types of theory
- The components of a theory
- The three levels of theoretical development
- Abstract thinking and theorisation
The content presented in the webinar is part of a wider initiative within my Dissertation Academy project (underpinned on this Youtube Channel), which involves developing a videobook on dissertation writing. Besides more complete versions of the topics above, other topics related to ‘theory in research’ already included in the table of contents of the planned videobook include:
- The role of context in theory development (opportunity context and suitability context)
- Trade-offs between breadth and depth
- Theory, research and research design
- Theory & Impact
- Evaluating theories
Some of these topics are ‘mini-videobooks’ on their own, given the richness of the topic.
The Chief Nursing Officer for England`s `
Making Research Matter Strategic Plan for Research` is being launched today. The plan is for all nurses working everywhere across health, social care, academia and policy development in England. The strategic plan will provide a vision for and begin the process of creating an inclusive accessible research career framework for nurses. BU`s Professor Ann Hemingway was involved in informing the plan. You can access the summary and the full document today which includes the implementation plan to 2023. https://www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/B0880-cno-for-englands-strategic-plan-fo-research.pdf
Today Sunday 21st November was a midwifery dominated day today. This lunchtime a interdisciplinary team from CMMPH (Centre for Midwifery, Maternal & Perinatal Health) at BU and the University of Exeter submitted a research proposal to the ICM (International Confederation of Midwives) on Midwife-Led Birthing Centres in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. As a personal observation: whoever thought that setting the submission deadline for a Sunday was a good idea has no respect for researchers’ work-life balance!
This afternoon many of us attended the March with Midwives vigils which were held nationwide in the UK to highlight issues with midwifery staffing and working conditions. The March with Midwives vigil took place in 50 towns and cities, as a vigil to make the general public and politicians aware about the maternity crisis. In Poole Park it attracted over fifty people.
Bournemouth University is involved in a wider collaboration which organises the Advanced Dementia Research Conference (ADRC 2021). The conference is delivered online today and tomorrow (19th-20th November). ADRC 2021 is led by Dr. Brijesh Sathian, BU Visiting Faculty, based in the Geriatric Medicine Department, Rumailah Hospital, in Doha, Qatar. Saturday morning Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen will be delivering a session on qualitative research, preceded by a session on mixed-methods research from Prof. Padam Simkhada, also BU Visiting Faculty, from the University of Huddersfield.
The programme shown is for Day 2 tomorrow. All sessions today and tomorrow are free to attend! You can register here! Please, note that advertised times a Qatar times which three hours ahead of the UK at the moment.
Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen
CMMPH (Centre for Midwifery, Maternal & Perinatal Health)